Measurements of proton, helium and muon spectra at small atmospheric depths with the BESS spectrometer

K. Abe, T. Sanuki, K. Anraku, Yoichi Asaoka, H. Fuke, S. Haino, N. Ikeda, M. Imori, K. Izumi, T. Maeno, Y. Makida, S. Matsuda, N. Matsui, T. Matsukawa, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Mitchell, A. A. Moiseev, J. Nishimura, M. Nozaki, S. Orito & 15 others J. F. Ormes, M. Sasaki, E. S. Seo, Y. Shikaze, T. Sonoda, R. E. Streitmatter, J. Suzuki, K. Tanaka, K. Tanizaki, T. Yamagami, A. Yamamoto, Y. Yamamoto, K. Yamato, T. Yoshida, K. Yoshimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cosmic-ray proton, helium, and muon spectra at small atmospheric depths of 4.5-28 g/cm2 were precisely measured during the slow descending period of the BESS-2001 balloon flight. The variation of atmospheric secondary particle fluxes as a function of atmospheric depth provides fundamental information to study hadronic interactions of the primary cosmic rays with the atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-20
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume564
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun 3
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

BESS (satellite)
muons
helium
spectrometers
protons
balloon flight
primary cosmic rays
flux (rate)
cosmic rays
atmospheres
interactions

Keywords

  • Atmospheric muon
  • Atmospheric neutrino
  • Cosmic-ray helium
  • Cosmic-ray proton
  • Superconducting spectrometer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Measurements of proton, helium and muon spectra at small atmospheric depths with the BESS spectrometer. / Abe, K.; Sanuki, T.; Anraku, K.; Asaoka, Yoichi; Fuke, H.; Haino, S.; Ikeda, N.; Imori, M.; Izumi, K.; Maeno, T.; Makida, Y.; Matsuda, S.; Matsui, N.; Matsukawa, T.; Matsumoto, H.; Mitchell, J. W.; Moiseev, A. A.; Nishimura, J.; Nozaki, M.; Orito, S.; Ormes, J. F.; Sasaki, M.; Seo, E. S.; Shikaze, Y.; Sonoda, T.; Streitmatter, R. E.; Suzuki, J.; Tanaka, K.; Tanizaki, K.; Yamagami, T.; Yamamoto, A.; Yamamoto, Y.; Yamato, K.; Yoshida, T.; Yoshimura, K.

In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol. 564, No. 1-2, 03.06.2003, p. 8-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abe, K, Sanuki, T, Anraku, K, Asaoka, Y, Fuke, H, Haino, S, Ikeda, N, Imori, M, Izumi, K, Maeno, T, Makida, Y, Matsuda, S, Matsui, N, Matsukawa, T, Matsumoto, H, Mitchell, JW, Moiseev, AA, Nishimura, J, Nozaki, M, Orito, S, Ormes, JF, Sasaki, M, Seo, ES, Shikaze, Y, Sonoda, T, Streitmatter, RE, Suzuki, J, Tanaka, K, Tanizaki, K, Yamagami, T, Yamamoto, A, Yamamoto, Y, Yamato, K, Yoshida, T & Yoshimura, K 2003, 'Measurements of proton, helium and muon spectra at small atmospheric depths with the BESS spectrometer', Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol. 564, no. 1-2, pp. 8-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(03)00676-2
Abe, K. ; Sanuki, T. ; Anraku, K. ; Asaoka, Yoichi ; Fuke, H. ; Haino, S. ; Ikeda, N. ; Imori, M. ; Izumi, K. ; Maeno, T. ; Makida, Y. ; Matsuda, S. ; Matsui, N. ; Matsukawa, T. ; Matsumoto, H. ; Mitchell, J. W. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Nishimura, J. ; Nozaki, M. ; Orito, S. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Sasaki, M. ; Seo, E. S. ; Shikaze, Y. ; Sonoda, T. ; Streitmatter, R. E. ; Suzuki, J. ; Tanaka, K. ; Tanizaki, K. ; Yamagami, T. ; Yamamoto, A. ; Yamamoto, Y. ; Yamato, K. ; Yoshida, T. ; Yoshimura, K. / Measurements of proton, helium and muon spectra at small atmospheric depths with the BESS spectrometer. In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. 2003 ; Vol. 564, No. 1-2. pp. 8-20.
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T1 - Measurements of proton, helium and muon spectra at small atmospheric depths with the BESS spectrometer

AU - Abe, K.

AU - Sanuki, T.

AU - Anraku, K.

AU - Asaoka, Yoichi

AU - Fuke, H.

AU - Haino, S.

AU - Ikeda, N.

AU - Imori, M.

AU - Izumi, K.

AU - Maeno, T.

AU - Makida, Y.

AU - Matsuda, S.

AU - Matsui, N.

AU - Matsukawa, T.

AU - Matsumoto, H.

AU - Mitchell, J. W.

AU - Moiseev, A. A.

AU - Nishimura, J.

AU - Nozaki, M.

AU - Orito, S.

AU - Ormes, J. F.

AU - Sasaki, M.

AU - Seo, E. S.

AU - Shikaze, Y.

AU - Sonoda, T.

AU - Streitmatter, R. E.

AU - Suzuki, J.

AU - Tanaka, K.

AU - Tanizaki, K.

AU - Yamagami, T.

AU - Yamamoto, A.

AU - Yamamoto, Y.

AU - Yamato, K.

AU - Yoshida, T.

AU - Yoshimura, K.

PY - 2003/6/3

Y1 - 2003/6/3

N2 - The cosmic-ray proton, helium, and muon spectra at small atmospheric depths of 4.5-28 g/cm2 were precisely measured during the slow descending period of the BESS-2001 balloon flight. The variation of atmospheric secondary particle fluxes as a function of atmospheric depth provides fundamental information to study hadronic interactions of the primary cosmic rays with the atmosphere.

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KW - Atmospheric muon

KW - Atmospheric neutrino

KW - Cosmic-ray helium

KW - Cosmic-ray proton

KW - Superconducting spectrometer

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JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

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