Measurements of the QED structure of the photon

G. Abbiendi, K. Ackerstaff, G. Alexander, J. Allison, N. Altekamp, K. J. Anderson, S. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, S. F. Ashby, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, A. H. Ball, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, J. R. Batley, S. Baumann, J. Bechtluft, T. Behnke, K. W. Bell & 300 others G. Bella, A. Bellerive, S. Bentvelsen, S. Bethke, S. Betts, O. Biebel, A. Biguzzi, V. Blobel, I. J. Bloodworth, P. Bock, J. Böhme, D. Bonacorsi, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, P. Bright-Thomas, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, D. Chrisman, C. Ciocca, P. E.L. Clarke, E. Clay, I. Cohen, J. E. Conboy, O. C. Cooke, C. Couyoumtzelis, R. L. Coxe, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, R. Davis, S. de Jong, A. de Roeck, P. Dervan, K. Desch, B. Dienes, M. S. Dixit, M. Doucet, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, A. Fanfani, M. Fanti, A. A. Faust, F. Fiedler, M. Fierro, I. Fleck, R. Folman, A. Frey, A. Fürtjes, D. I. Futyan, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, S. M. Gascon-Shotkin, G. Gaycken, C. Geich-Gimbel, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, D. M. Gingrich, D. Glenzinski, J. Goldberg, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, K. Graham, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, M. Hapke, K. Harder, A. Harel, C. K. Hargrove, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, M. Herndon, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, M. D. Hildreth, J. C. Hill, P. R. Hobson, M. Hoch, A. Hocker, K. Hoffman, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, D. Horváth, K. R. Hossain, R. Howard, P. Hüntemeyer, P. Igo-Kemenes, D. C. Imrie, K. Ishii, F. R. Jacob, A. Jawahery, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, C. R. Jones, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, J. Kanzaki, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, P. I. Kayal, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, D. H. Kim, A. Klier, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, T. P. Kokott, M. Kolrep, Sachio Komamiya, R. V. Kowalewski, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, T. Kuhl, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, H. Landsman, D. Lanske, J. Lauber, S. R. Lautenschlager, I. Lawson, J. G. Layter, D. Lazic, A. M. Lee, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, R. Liebisch, B. List, C. Littlewood, A. W. Lloyd, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, M. J. Losty, J. Lu, J. Ludwig, D. Liu, A. Macchiolo, A. Macpherson, W. Mader, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, C. Markopoulos, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Martinez, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, E. A. Mckigney, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, S. Menke, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, J. Meyer, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, R. Mir, W. Mohr, A. Montanari, T. Mori, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, H. O. Ogren, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. Pálinkás, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. Patt, R. Perez-Ochoa, S. Petzold, P. Pfeifenschneider, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, J. Polok, M. Przybycień, C. Rembser, H. Rick, S. Robertson, S. A. Robins, N. Rodning, J. M. Roney, S. Rosati, K. Roscoe, A. M. Rossi, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, O. Sahr, W. M. Sang, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, P. Scharff-Hansen, J. Schieck, S. Schmitt, A. Schöning, M. Schröder, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, R. Seuster, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. P. Siroli, A. Sittler, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, S. Spagnolo, M. Sproston, A. Stahl, K. Stephens, J. Steuerer, K. Stoll, D. Strom, R. Ströhmer, B. Surrow, S. D. Talbot, P. Taras, S. Tarem, R. Teuscher, M. Thiergen, J. Thomas, M. A. Thomson, E. Torrence, S. Towers, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, A. S. Turcot, M. F. Turner-Watson, I. Ueda, R. van Kooten, P. Vannerem, M. Verzocchi, H. Voss, F. Wäckerle, A. Wagner, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, J. S. White, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, G. Yekutieli, V. Zacek, D. Zer-Zion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structure of both quasi-real and highly virtual photons is investigated using the reaction e+e- → e+e-μ+μ-, proceeding via the exchange of two photons. The results are based on the complete OPAL dataset taken at e+e- centre-of-mass energies close to the mass of the Z boson. The QED structure function Fγ 2 and the differential cross-section dσ/dx for quasi-real photons are obtained as functions of the fractional momentum x from the muon momentum which is carried by the struck muon in the quasi-real photon for values of Q2 ranging from 1.5 to 400 GeV2. The differential cross-section dσ/dx for highly virtual photons is measured for 1.5 < Q2 < 30 GeV2 and 1.5 < P2 < 20 GeV2, where Q2 and P2 are the negative values of the four-momentum squared of the two photons such that Q2 > P2. Based on azimuthal correlations the QED structure functions Fγ A and Fγ B for quasi-real photons are determined for an average Q2 of 5.4 GeV2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-425
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Photons
photons
muons
Momentum
momentum
Bosons
cross sections
center of mass
bosons
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Abbiendi, G., Ackerstaff, K., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Altekamp, N., Anderson, K. J., ... Zer-Zion, D. (1999). Measurements of the QED structure of the photon. European Physical Journal C, 11(3), 409-425.

Measurements of the QED structure of the photon. / Abbiendi, G.; Ackerstaff, K.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Altekamp, N.; Anderson, K. J.; Anderson, S.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Ashby, S. F.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A. H.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, R. J.; Batley, J. R.; Baumann, S.; Bechtluft, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bellerive, A.; Bentvelsen, S.; Bethke, S.; Betts, S.; Biebel, O.; Biguzzi, A.; Blobel, V.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bock, P.; Böhme, J.; Bonacorsi, D.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brigliadori, L.; Brown, R. M.; Burckhart, H. J.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Chrisman, D.; Ciocca, C.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Clay, E.; Cohen, I.; Conboy, J. E.; Cooke, O. C.; Couyoumtzelis, C.; Coxe, R. L.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G. M.; Davis, R.; de Jong, S.; de Roeck, A.; Dervan, P.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Dixit, M. S.; Doucet, M.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Fanfani, A.; Fanti, M.; Faust, A. A.; Fiedler, F.; Fierro, M.; Fleck, I.; Folman, R.; Frey, A.; Fürtjes, A.; Futyan, D. I.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; Gascon-Shotkin, S. M.; Gaycken, G.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gingrich, D. M.; Glenzinski, D.; Goldberg, J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Graham, K.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwé, M.; Hanson, G. G.; Hansroul, M.; Hapke, M.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hargrove, C. K.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R. J.; Herndon, M.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R. D.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hobson, P. R.; Hoch, M.; Hocker, A.; Hoffman, K.; Homer, R. J.; Honma, A. K.; Horváth, D.; Hossain, K. R.; Howard, R.; Hüntemeyer, P.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Imrie, D. C.; Ishii, K.; Jacob, F. R.; Jawahery, A.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Jones, C. R.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T. R.; Kanzaki, J.; Karlen, D.; Kartvelishvili, V.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Kayal, P. I.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kim, D. H.; Klier, A.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Kokott, T. P.; Kolrep, M.; Komamiya, Sachio; Kowalewski, R. V.; Kress, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kuhl, T.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Landsman, H.; Lanske, D.; Lauber, J.; Lautenschlager, S. R.; Lawson, I.; Layter, J. G.; Lazic, D.; Lee, A. M.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Liebisch, R.; List, B.; Littlewood, C.; Lloyd, A. W.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Long, G. D.; Losty, M. J.; Lu, J.; Ludwig, J.; Liu, D.; Macchiolo, A.; Macpherson, A.; Mader, W.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Markopoulos, C.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Martinez, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; McDonald, W. J.; McKenna, J.; Mckigney, E. A.; McMahon, T. J.; McPherson, R. A.; Meijers, F.; Menke, S.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Meyer, J.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D. J.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Neal, H. A.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogren, H. O.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pálinkás, J.; Pásztor, G.; Pater, J. R.; Patrick, G. N.; Patt, J.; Perez-Ochoa, R.; Petzold, S.; Pfeifenschneider, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, D. E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Polok, J.; Przybycień, M.; Rembser, C.; Rick, H.; Robertson, S.; Robins, S. A.; Rodning, N.; Roney, J. M.; Rosati, S.; Roscoe, K.; Rossi, A. M.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sahr, O.; Sang, W. M.; Sarkisyan, E. K.G.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schmitt, S.; Schöning, A.; Schröder, M.; Schumacher, M.; Schwick, C.; Scott, W. G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Sittler, A.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Spagnolo, S.; Sproston, M.; Stahl, A.; Stephens, K.; Steuerer, J.; Stoll, K.; Strom, D.; Ströhmer, R.; Surrow, B.; Talbot, S. D.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Teuscher, R.; Thiergen, M.; Thomas, J.; Thomson, M. A.; Torrence, E.; Towers, S.; Trigger, I.; Trócsányi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turcot, A. S.; Turner-Watson, M. F.; Ueda, I.; van Kooten, R.; Vannerem, P.; Verzocchi, M.; Voss, H.; Wäckerle, F.; Wagner, A.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; White, J. S.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yamashita, S.; Yekutieli, G.; Zacek, V.; Zer-Zion, D.

In: European Physical Journal C, Vol. 11, No. 3, 01.01.1999, p. 409-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbiendi, G, Ackerstaff, K, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Altekamp, N, Anderson, KJ, Anderson, S, Arcelli, S, Asai, S, Ashby, SF, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Ball, AH, Barberio, E, Barlow, RJ, Batley, JR, Baumann, S, Bechtluft, J, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Bellerive, A, Bentvelsen, S, Bethke, S, Betts, S, Biebel, O, Biguzzi, A, Blobel, V, Bloodworth, IJ, Bock, P, Böhme, J, Bonacorsi, D, Boutemeur, M, Braibant, S, Bright-Thomas, P, Brigliadori, L, Brown, RM, Burckhart, HJ, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Chrisman, D, Ciocca, C, Clarke, PEL, Clay, E, Cohen, I, Conboy, JE, Cooke, OC, Couyoumtzelis, C, Coxe, RL, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallavalle, GM, Davis, R, de Jong, S, de Roeck, A, Dervan, P, Desch, K, Dienes, B, Dixit, MS, Doucet, M, Dubbert, J, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Fabbri, F, Fanfani, A, Fanti, M, Faust, AA, Fiedler, F, Fierro, M, Fleck, I, Folman, R, Frey, A, Fürtjes, A, Futyan, DI, Gagnon, P, Gary, JW, Gascon, J, Gascon-Shotkin, SM, Gaycken, G, Geich-Gimbel, C, Giacomelli, G, Giacomelli, P, Gibson, V, Gibson, WR, Gingrich, DM, Glenzinski, D, Goldberg, J, Gorn, W, Grandi, C, Graham, K, Gross, E, Grunhaus, J, Gruwé, M, Hanson, GG, Hansroul, M, Hapke, M, Harder, K, Harel, A, Hargrove, CK, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Hawkings, R, Hemingway, RJ, Herndon, M, Herten, G, Heuer, RD, Hildreth, MD, Hill, JC, Hobson, PR, Hoch, M, Hocker, A, Hoffman, K, Homer, RJ, Honma, AK, Horváth, D, Hossain, KR, Howard, R, Hüntemeyer, P, Igo-Kemenes, P, Imrie, DC, Ishii, K, Jacob, FR, Jawahery, A, Jeremie, H, Jimack, M, Jones, CR, Jovanovic, P, Junk, TR, Kanzaki, J, Karlen, D, Kartvelishvili, V, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Kayal, PI, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kim, DH, Klier, A, Kobayashi, T, Kobel, M, Kokott, TP, Kolrep, M, Komamiya, S, Kowalewski, RV, Kress, T, Krieger, P, von Krogh, J, Kuhl, T, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Landsman, H, Lanske, D, Lauber, J, Lautenschlager, SR, Lawson, I, Layter, JG, Lazic, D, Lee, AM, Lellouch, D, Letts, J, Levinson, L, Liebisch, R, List, B, Littlewood, C, Lloyd, AW, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Long, GD, Losty, MJ, Lu, J, Ludwig, J, Liu, D, Macchiolo, A, Macpherson, A, Mader, W, Mannelli, M, Marcellini, S, Markopoulos, C, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Martinez, G, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, McDonald, WJ, McKenna, J, Mckigney, EA, McMahon, TJ, McPherson, RA, Meijers, F, Menke, S, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Meyer, J, Michelini, A, Mihara, S, Mikenberg, G, Miller, DJ, Mir, R, Mohr, W, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Nagai, K, Nakamura, I, Neal, HA, Nisius, R, O'Neale, SW, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Ogren, HO, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pálinkás, J, Pásztor, G, Pater, JR, Patrick, GN, Patt, J, Perez-Ochoa, R, Petzold, S, Pfeifenschneider, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, J, Plane, DE, Poffenberger, P, Poli, B, Polok, J, Przybycień, M, Rembser, C, Rick, H, Robertson, S, Robins, SA, Rodning, N, Roney, JM, Rosati, S, Roscoe, K, Rossi, AM, Rozen, Y, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Rust, DR, Sachs, K, Saeki, T, Sahr, O, Sang, WM, Sarkisyan, EKG, Sbarra, C, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schieck, J, Schmitt, S, Schöning, A, Schröder, M, Schumacher, M, Schwick, C, Scott, WG, Seuster, R, Shears, TG, Shen, BC, Shepherd-Themistocleous, CH, Sherwood, P, Siroli, GP, Sittler, A, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Snow, GA, Sobie, R, Söldner-Rembold, S, Spagnolo, S, Sproston, M, Stahl, A, Stephens, K, Steuerer, J, Stoll, K, Strom, D, Ströhmer, R, Surrow, B, Talbot, SD, Taras, P, Tarem, S, Teuscher, R, Thiergen, M, Thomas, J, Thomson, MA, Torrence, E, Towers, S, Trigger, I, Trócsányi, Z, Tsur, E, Turcot, AS, Turner-Watson, MF, Ueda, I, van Kooten, R, Vannerem, P, Verzocchi, M, Voss, H, Wäckerle, F, Wagner, A, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Wells, PS, Wermes, N, White, JS, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wyatt, TR, Yamashita, S, Yekutieli, G, Zacek, V & Zer-Zion, D 1999, 'Measurements of the QED structure of the photon', European Physical Journal C, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 409-425.
Abbiendi G, Ackerstaff K, Alexander G, Allison J, Altekamp N, Anderson KJ et al. Measurements of the QED structure of the photon. European Physical Journal C. 1999 Jan 1;11(3):409-425.
Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Altekamp, N. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Anderson, S. ; Arcelli, S. ; Asai, S. ; Ashby, S. F. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Ball, A. H. ; Barberio, E. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Batley, J. R. ; Baumann, S. ; Bechtluft, J. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Bellerive, A. ; Bentvelsen, S. ; Bethke, S. ; Betts, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Biguzzi, A. ; Blobel, V. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Bock, P. ; Böhme, J. ; Bonacorsi, D. ; Boutemeur, M. ; Braibant, S. ; Bright-Thomas, P. ; Brigliadori, L. ; Brown, R. M. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Chrisman, D. ; Ciocca, C. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Clay, E. ; Cohen, I. ; Conboy, J. E. ; Cooke, O. C. ; Couyoumtzelis, C. ; Coxe, R. L. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; Davis, R. ; de Jong, S. ; de Roeck, A. ; Dervan, P. ; Desch, K. ; Dienes, B. ; Dixit, M. S. ; Doucet, M. ; Dubbert, J. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Fabbri, F. ; Fanfani, A. ; Fanti, M. ; Faust, A. A. ; Fiedler, F. ; Fierro, M. ; Fleck, I. ; Folman, R. ; Frey, A. ; Fürtjes, A. ; Futyan, D. I. ; Gagnon, P. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gascon, J. ; Gascon-Shotkin, S. M. ; Gaycken, G. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giacomelli, P. ; Gibson, V. ; Gibson, W. R. ; Gingrich, D. M. ; Glenzinski, D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Gorn, W. ; Grandi, C. ; Graham, K. ; Gross, E. ; Grunhaus, J. ; Gruwé, M. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Hansroul, M. ; Hapke, M. ; Harder, K. ; Harel, A. ; Hargrove, C. K. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Hawkings, R. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Herndon, M. ; Herten, G. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hildreth, M. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hobson, P. R. ; Hoch, M. ; Hocker, A. ; Hoffman, K. ; Homer, R. J. ; Honma, A. K. ; Horváth, D. ; Hossain, K. R. ; Howard, R. ; Hüntemeyer, P. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Imrie, D. C. ; Ishii, K. ; Jacob, F. R. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jimack, M. ; Jones, C. R. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Junk, T. R. ; Kanzaki, J. ; Karlen, D. ; Kartvelishvili, V. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Kawamoto, T. ; Kayal, P. I. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kim, D. H. ; Klier, A. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kobel, M. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Kolrep, M. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Kowalewski, R. V. ; Kress, T. ; Krieger, P. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kuhl, T. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Landsman, H. ; Lanske, D. ; Lauber, J. ; Lautenschlager, S. R. ; Lawson, I. ; Layter, J. G. ; Lazic, D. ; Lee, A. M. ; Lellouch, D. ; Letts, J. ; Levinson, L. ; Liebisch, R. ; List, B. ; Littlewood, C. ; Lloyd, A. W. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Long, G. D. ; Losty, M. J. ; Lu, J. ; Ludwig, J. ; Liu, D. ; Macchiolo, A. ; Macpherson, A. ; Mader, W. ; Mannelli, M. ; Marcellini, S. ; Markopoulos, C. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Martinez, G. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; McDonald, W. J. ; McKenna, J. ; Mckigney, E. A. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McPherson, R. A. ; Meijers, F. ; Menke, S. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Meyer, J. ; Michelini, A. ; Mihara, S. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Miller, D. J. ; Mir, R. ; Mohr, W. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Nagai, K. ; Nakamura, I. ; Neal, H. A. ; Nisius, R. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Ogren, H. O. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pálinkás, J. ; Pásztor, G. ; Pater, J. R. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Patt, J. ; Perez-Ochoa, R. ; Petzold, S. ; Pfeifenschneider, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poffenberger, P. ; Poli, B. ; Polok, J. ; Przybycień, M. ; Rembser, C. ; Rick, H. ; Robertson, S. ; Robins, S. A. ; Rodning, N. ; Roney, J. M. ; Rosati, S. ; Roscoe, K. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Rozen, Y. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sachs, K. ; Saeki, T. ; Sahr, O. ; Sang, W. M. ; Sarkisyan, E. K.G. ; Sbarra, C. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schieck, J. ; Schmitt, S. ; Schöning, A. ; Schröder, M. ; Schumacher, M. ; Schwick, C. ; Scott, W. G. ; Seuster, R. ; Shears, T. G. ; Shen, B. C. ; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H. ; Sherwood, P. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Sittler, A. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Snow, G. A. ; Sobie, R. ; Söldner-Rembold, S. ; Spagnolo, S. ; Sproston, M. ; Stahl, A. ; Stephens, K. ; Steuerer, J. ; Stoll, K. ; Strom, D. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Surrow, B. ; Talbot, S. D. ; Taras, P. ; Tarem, S. ; Teuscher, R. ; Thiergen, M. ; Thomas, J. ; Thomson, M. A. ; Torrence, E. ; Towers, S. ; Trigger, I. ; Trócsányi, Z. ; Tsur, E. ; Turcot, A. S. ; Turner-Watson, M. F. ; Ueda, I. ; van Kooten, R. ; Vannerem, P. ; Verzocchi, M. ; Voss, H. ; Wäckerle, F. ; Wagner, A. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wermes, N. ; White, J. S. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yamashita, S. ; Yekutieli, G. ; Zacek, V. ; Zer-Zion, D. / Measurements of the QED structure of the photon. In: European Physical Journal C. 1999 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 409-425.
@article{34851575ce2d4368beae6cbe44113f0c,
title = "Measurements of the QED structure of the photon",
abstract = "The structure of both quasi-real and highly virtual photons is investigated using the reaction e+e- → e+e-μ+μ-, proceeding via the exchange of two photons. The results are based on the complete OPAL dataset taken at e+e- centre-of-mass energies close to the mass of the Z boson. The QED structure function Fγ 2 and the differential cross-section dσ/dx for quasi-real photons are obtained as functions of the fractional momentum x from the muon momentum which is carried by the struck muon in the quasi-real photon for values of Q2 ranging from 1.5 to 400 GeV2. The differential cross-section dσ/dx for highly virtual photons is measured for 1.5 < Q2 < 30 GeV2 and 1.5 < P2 < 20 GeV2, where Q2 and P2 are the negative values of the four-momentum squared of the two photons such that Q2 > P2. Based on azimuthal correlations the QED structure functions Fγ A and Fγ B for quasi-real photons are determined for an average Q2 of 5.4 GeV2.",
author = "G. Abbiendi and K. Ackerstaff and G. Alexander and J. Allison and N. Altekamp and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Anderson and S. Arcelli and S. Asai and Ashby, {S. F.} and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and Ball, {A. H.} and E. Barberio and Barlow, {R. J.} and Batley, {J. R.} and S. Baumann and J. Bechtluft and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and A. Bellerive and S. Bentvelsen and S. Bethke and S. Betts and O. Biebel and A. Biguzzi and V. Blobel and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and P. Bock and J. B{\"o}hme and D. Bonacorsi and M. Boutemeur and S. Braibant and P. Bright-Thomas and L. Brigliadori and Brown, {R. M.} and Burckhart, {H. J.} and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and D. Chrisman and C. Ciocca and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and E. Clay and I. Cohen and Conboy, {J. E.} and Cooke, {O. C.} and C. Couyoumtzelis and Coxe, {R. L.} and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and R. Davis and {de Jong}, S. and {de Roeck}, A. and P. Dervan and K. Desch and B. Dienes and Dixit, {M. S.} and M. Doucet and J. Dubbert and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and F. Fabbri and A. Fanfani and M. Fanti and Faust, {A. A.} and F. Fiedler and M. Fierro and I. Fleck and R. Folman and A. Frey and A. F{\"u}rtjes and Futyan, {D. I.} and P. Gagnon and Gary, {J. W.} and J. Gascon and Gascon-Shotkin, {S. M.} and G. Gaycken and C. Geich-Gimbel and G. Giacomelli and P. Giacomelli and V. Gibson and Gibson, {W. R.} and Gingrich, {D. M.} and D. Glenzinski and J. Goldberg and W. Gorn and C. Grandi and K. Graham and E. Gross and J. Grunhaus and M. Gruw{\'e} and Hanson, {G. G.} and M. Hansroul and M. Hapke and K. Harder and A. Harel and Hargrove, {C. K.} and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and R. Hawkings and Hemingway, {R. J.} and M. Herndon and G. Herten and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hildreth, {M. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and Hobson, {P. R.} and M. Hoch and A. Hocker and K. Hoffman and Homer, {R. J.} and Honma, {A. K.} and D. Horv{\'a}th and Hossain, {K. R.} and R. Howard and P. H{\"u}ntemeyer and P. Igo-Kemenes and Imrie, {D. C.} and K. Ishii and Jacob, {F. R.} and A. Jawahery and H. Jeremie and M. Jimack and Jones, {C. R.} and P. Jovanovic and Junk, {T. R.} and J. Kanzaki and D. Karlen and V. Kartvelishvili and K. Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Kayal, {P. I.} and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and Kim, {D. H.} and A. Klier and T. Kobayashi and M. Kobel and Kokott, {T. P.} and M. Kolrep and Sachio Komamiya and Kowalewski, {R. V.} and T. Kress and P. Krieger and {von Krogh}, J. and T. Kuhl and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and H. Landsman and D. Lanske and J. Lauber and Lautenschlager, {S. R.} and I. Lawson and Layter, {J. G.} and D. Lazic and Lee, {A. M.} and D. Lellouch and J. Letts and L. Levinson and R. Liebisch and B. List and C. Littlewood and Lloyd, {A. W.} and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Long, {G. D.} and Losty, {M. J.} and J. Lu and J. Ludwig and D. Liu and A. Macchiolo and A. Macpherson and W. Mader and M. Mannelli and S. Marcellini and C. Markopoulos and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and G. Martinez and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and McDonald, {W. J.} and J. McKenna and Mckigney, {E. A.} and McMahon, {T. J.} and McPherson, {R. A.} and F. Meijers and S. Menke and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and J. Meyer and A. Michelini and S. Mihara and G. Mikenberg and Miller, {D. J.} and R. Mir and W. Mohr and A. Montanari and T. Mori and K. Nagai and I. Nakamura and Neal, {H. A.} and R. Nisius and O'Neale, {S. W.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and Ogren, {H. O.} and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and J. P{\'a}link{\'a}s and G. P{\'a}sztor and Pater, {J. R.} and Patrick, {G. N.} and J. Patt and R. Perez-Ochoa and S. Petzold and P. Pfeifenschneider and Pilcher, {J. E.} and J. Pinfold and Plane, {D. E.} and P. Poffenberger and B. Poli and J. Polok and M. Przybycień and C. Rembser and H. Rick and S. Robertson and Robins, {S. A.} and N. Rodning and Roney, {J. M.} and S. Rosati and K. Roscoe and Rossi, {A. M.} and Y. Rozen and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and Rust, {D. R.} and K. Sachs and T. Saeki and O. Sahr and Sang, {W. M.} and Sarkisyan, {E. K.G.} and C. Sbarra and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and P. Scharff-Hansen and J. Schieck and S. Schmitt and A. Sch{\"o}ning and M. Schr{\"o}der and M. Schumacher and C. Schwick and Scott, {W. G.} and R. Seuster and Shears, {T. G.} and Shen, {B. C.} and Shepherd-Themistocleous, {C. H.} and P. Sherwood and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Sittler and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Snow, {G. A.} and R. Sobie and S. S{\"o}ldner-Rembold and S. Spagnolo and M. Sproston and A. Stahl and K. Stephens and J. Steuerer and K. Stoll and D. Strom and R. Str{\"o}hmer and B. Surrow and Talbot, {S. D.} and P. Taras and S. Tarem and R. Teuscher and M. Thiergen and J. Thomas and Thomson, {M. A.} and E. Torrence and S. Towers and I. Trigger and Z. Tr{\'o}cs{\'a}nyi and E. Tsur and Turcot, {A. S.} and Turner-Watson, {M. F.} and I. Ueda and {van Kooten}, R. and P. Vannerem and M. Verzocchi and H. Voss and F. W{\"a}ckerle and A. Wagner and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and Wells, {P. S.} and N. Wermes and White, {J. S.} and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and Wyatt, {T. R.} and S. Yamashita and G. Yekutieli and V. Zacek and D. Zer-Zion",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "409--425",
journal = "European Physical Journal C",
issn = "1434-6044",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurements of the QED structure of the photon

AU - Abbiendi, G.

AU - Ackerstaff, K.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Altekamp, N.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Anderson, S.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Asai, S.

AU - Ashby, S. F.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Barberio, E.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Batley, J. R.

AU - Baumann, S.

AU - Bechtluft, J.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bellerive, A.

AU - Bentvelsen, S.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Betts, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Biguzzi, A.

AU - Blobel, V.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Böhme, J.

AU - Bonacorsi, D.

AU - Boutemeur, M.

AU - Braibant, S.

AU - Bright-Thomas, P.

AU - Brigliadori, L.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Chrisman, D.

AU - Ciocca, C.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Clay, E.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Conboy, J. E.

AU - Cooke, O. C.

AU - Couyoumtzelis, C.

AU - Coxe, R. L.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - Davis, R.

AU - de Jong, S.

AU - de Roeck, A.

AU - Dervan, P.

AU - Desch, K.

AU - Dienes, B.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - Doucet, M.

AU - Dubbert, J.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Fanfani, A.

AU - Fanti, M.

AU - Faust, A. A.

AU - Fiedler, F.

AU - Fierro, M.

AU - Fleck, I.

AU - Folman, R.

AU - Frey, A.

AU - Fürtjes, A.

AU - Futyan, D. I.

AU - Gagnon, P.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gascon, J.

AU - Gascon-Shotkin, S. M.

AU - Gaycken, G.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giacomelli, P.

AU - Gibson, V.

AU - Gibson, W. R.

AU - Gingrich, D. M.

AU - Glenzinski, D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Gorn, W.

AU - Grandi, C.

AU - Graham, K.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Grunhaus, J.

AU - Gruwé, M.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Hansroul, M.

AU - Hapke, M.

AU - Harder, K.

AU - Harel, A.

AU - Hargrove, C. K.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Hawkings, R.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Herndon, M.

AU - Herten, G.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hildreth, M. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hobson, P. R.

AU - Hoch, M.

AU - Hocker, A.

AU - Hoffman, K.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Honma, A. K.

AU - Horváth, D.

AU - Hossain, K. R.

AU - Howard, R.

AU - Hüntemeyer, P.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Imrie, D. C.

AU - Ishii, K.

AU - Jacob, F. R.

AU - Jawahery, A.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jimack, M.

AU - Jones, C. R.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Junk, T. R.

AU - Kanzaki, J.

AU - Karlen, D.

AU - Kartvelishvili, V.

AU - Kawagoe, K.

AU - Kawamoto, T.

AU - Kayal, P. I.

AU - Keeler, R. K.

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PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - The structure of both quasi-real and highly virtual photons is investigated using the reaction e+e- → e+e-μ+μ-, proceeding via the exchange of two photons. The results are based on the complete OPAL dataset taken at e+e- centre-of-mass energies close to the mass of the Z boson. The QED structure function Fγ 2 and the differential cross-section dσ/dx for quasi-real photons are obtained as functions of the fractional momentum x from the muon momentum which is carried by the struck muon in the quasi-real photon for values of Q2 ranging from 1.5 to 400 GeV2. The differential cross-section dσ/dx for highly virtual photons is measured for 1.5 < Q2 < 30 GeV2 and 1.5 < P2 < 20 GeV2, where Q2 and P2 are the negative values of the four-momentum squared of the two photons such that Q2 > P2. Based on azimuthal correlations the QED structure functions Fγ A and Fγ B for quasi-real photons are determined for an average Q2 of 5.4 GeV2.

AB - The structure of both quasi-real and highly virtual photons is investigated using the reaction e+e- → e+e-μ+μ-, proceeding via the exchange of two photons. The results are based on the complete OPAL dataset taken at e+e- centre-of-mass energies close to the mass of the Z boson. The QED structure function Fγ 2 and the differential cross-section dσ/dx for quasi-real photons are obtained as functions of the fractional momentum x from the muon momentum which is carried by the struck muon in the quasi-real photon for values of Q2 ranging from 1.5 to 400 GeV2. The differential cross-section dσ/dx for highly virtual photons is measured for 1.5 < Q2 < 30 GeV2 and 1.5 < P2 < 20 GeV2, where Q2 and P2 are the negative values of the four-momentum squared of the two photons such that Q2 > P2. Based on azimuthal correlations the QED structure functions Fγ A and Fγ B for quasi-real photons are determined for an average Q2 of 5.4 GeV2.

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M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 409

EP - 425

JO - European Physical Journal C

JF - European Physical Journal C

SN - 1434-6044

IS - 3

ER -