Mechanical performance of CF/polymer composite laminates under cryogenic conditions

Takahira Aoki, Takashi Ishikawa, Hisashi Kumazawa, Yoshiki Morino

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The basic mechanical performances of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) material systems are experimentally and analytically evaluated to discuss their applicability to the cryogenic propellant tanks of planned future reusable launch vehicles. The materials are based on different types of epoxy matrices, bismaleimide matrix and PEEK. The temperature dependent anisotropic elastic constants and thermal expansion coefficients are experimentally obtained and used in the analytical predictions of delamination propagation, matrix crack onset, and propellant leakage. The use of temperature dependent material constants is essential for analysis with higher accuracy. Static tensile tests revealed that the matrix cracks tend to take place at drastically lower mechanical load under cryogenic environment, posing the possibility of propellant leakage through the chain of these matrix cracks. Interlaminar fracture toughness of epoxy based composite increased at cryogenic condition. Numerical predictions of delaminations and matrix cracks based on the simple energy release rate calculations are shown to be in good agreement with the experimental results. Simple conductance model of thicknesswise propellant leakage through the chain of matrix cracks is developed and successfully compared with the gas helium leakage test.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCollection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference
PublisherAIAA
Pages1448-1455
Number of pages8
Volume1
EditionII
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event41st AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structrures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference and Exhibit AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Forum AIAA Non-Deterministic Approaches Forum AIAA Space Inflatables Forum - Atlanta, GA, USA
Duration: 2000 Apr 32000 Apr 6

Other

Other41st AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structrures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference and Exhibit AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Forum AIAA Non-Deterministic Approaches Forum AIAA Space Inflatables Forum
CityAtlanta, GA, USA
Period00/4/300/4/6

Fingerprint

Cryogenics
Laminates
Propellants
Composite materials
Polymers
Cracks
Delamination
Polyether ether ketones
Energy release rate
Launch vehicles
Carbon fiber reinforced plastics
Leakage (fluid)
Elastic constants
Thermal expansion
Helium
Fracture toughness
Crack propagation
Temperature
Gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture

Cite this

Aoki, T., Ishikawa, T., Kumazawa, H., & Morino, Y. (2000). Mechanical performance of CF/polymer composite laminates under cryogenic conditions. In Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference (II ed., Vol. 1, pp. 1448-1455). AIAA.

Mechanical performance of CF/polymer composite laminates under cryogenic conditions. / Aoki, Takahira; Ishikawa, Takashi; Kumazawa, Hisashi; Morino, Yoshiki.

Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference. Vol. 1 II. ed. AIAA, 2000. p. 1448-1455.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Aoki, T, Ishikawa, T, Kumazawa, H & Morino, Y 2000, Mechanical performance of CF/polymer composite laminates under cryogenic conditions. in Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference. II edn, vol. 1, AIAA, pp. 1448-1455, 41st AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structrures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference and Exhibit AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Forum AIAA Non-Deterministic Approaches Forum AIAA Space Inflatables Forum, Atlanta, GA, USA, 00/4/3.
Aoki T, Ishikawa T, Kumazawa H, Morino Y. Mechanical performance of CF/polymer composite laminates under cryogenic conditions. In Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference. II ed. Vol. 1. AIAA. 2000. p. 1448-1455
Aoki, Takahira ; Ishikawa, Takashi ; Kumazawa, Hisashi ; Morino, Yoshiki. / Mechanical performance of CF/polymer composite laminates under cryogenic conditions. Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference. Vol. 1 II. ed. AIAA, 2000. pp. 1448-1455
@inproceedings{45c84bda18ed44acb5ead51907af00b5,
title = "Mechanical performance of CF/polymer composite laminates under cryogenic conditions",
abstract = "The basic mechanical performances of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) material systems are experimentally and analytically evaluated to discuss their applicability to the cryogenic propellant tanks of planned future reusable launch vehicles. The materials are based on different types of epoxy matrices, bismaleimide matrix and PEEK. The temperature dependent anisotropic elastic constants and thermal expansion coefficients are experimentally obtained and used in the analytical predictions of delamination propagation, matrix crack onset, and propellant leakage. The use of temperature dependent material constants is essential for analysis with higher accuracy. Static tensile tests revealed that the matrix cracks tend to take place at drastically lower mechanical load under cryogenic environment, posing the possibility of propellant leakage through the chain of these matrix cracks. Interlaminar fracture toughness of epoxy based composite increased at cryogenic condition. Numerical predictions of delaminations and matrix cracks based on the simple energy release rate calculations are shown to be in good agreement with the experimental results. Simple conductance model of thicknesswise propellant leakage through the chain of matrix cracks is developed and successfully compared with the gas helium leakage test.",
author = "Takahira Aoki and Takashi Ishikawa and Hisashi Kumazawa and Yoshiki Morino",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "1448--1455",
booktitle = "Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference",
publisher = "AIAA",
edition = "II",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Mechanical performance of CF/polymer composite laminates under cryogenic conditions

AU - Aoki, Takahira

AU - Ishikawa, Takashi

AU - Kumazawa, Hisashi

AU - Morino, Yoshiki

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - The basic mechanical performances of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) material systems are experimentally and analytically evaluated to discuss their applicability to the cryogenic propellant tanks of planned future reusable launch vehicles. The materials are based on different types of epoxy matrices, bismaleimide matrix and PEEK. The temperature dependent anisotropic elastic constants and thermal expansion coefficients are experimentally obtained and used in the analytical predictions of delamination propagation, matrix crack onset, and propellant leakage. The use of temperature dependent material constants is essential for analysis with higher accuracy. Static tensile tests revealed that the matrix cracks tend to take place at drastically lower mechanical load under cryogenic environment, posing the possibility of propellant leakage through the chain of these matrix cracks. Interlaminar fracture toughness of epoxy based composite increased at cryogenic condition. Numerical predictions of delaminations and matrix cracks based on the simple energy release rate calculations are shown to be in good agreement with the experimental results. Simple conductance model of thicknesswise propellant leakage through the chain of matrix cracks is developed and successfully compared with the gas helium leakage test.

AB - The basic mechanical performances of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) material systems are experimentally and analytically evaluated to discuss their applicability to the cryogenic propellant tanks of planned future reusable launch vehicles. The materials are based on different types of epoxy matrices, bismaleimide matrix and PEEK. The temperature dependent anisotropic elastic constants and thermal expansion coefficients are experimentally obtained and used in the analytical predictions of delamination propagation, matrix crack onset, and propellant leakage. The use of temperature dependent material constants is essential for analysis with higher accuracy. Static tensile tests revealed that the matrix cracks tend to take place at drastically lower mechanical load under cryogenic environment, posing the possibility of propellant leakage through the chain of these matrix cracks. Interlaminar fracture toughness of epoxy based composite increased at cryogenic condition. Numerical predictions of delaminations and matrix cracks based on the simple energy release rate calculations are shown to be in good agreement with the experimental results. Simple conductance model of thicknesswise propellant leakage through the chain of matrix cracks is developed and successfully compared with the gas helium leakage test.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033666448&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033666448&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:0033666448

VL - 1

SP - 1448

EP - 1455

BT - Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference

PB - AIAA

ER -