Mechanism of the elution of iron from a slag-compost fertilizer for restoring seaweed beds in coastal areas-Characteristic changes of steelmaking slag and humic acids derived from the fertilizer during the elution process

Mitsuo Yamamoto*, Hisanori Iwai, Motoyuki Matsuo, Dan Liu, Masami Fukushima

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The characteristic changes in steelmaking slag and humic acids (HAs) derived from a slag-compost fertilizer and their relation to the elution of Fe were evaluated in tank tests in Mashike, Hokkaido and Tsushima, Nagasaki. Analyses of iron, nitrogen and phosphate in the eluate, changes in the chemical states on the surface of the steelmaking slag, and the macro-structural features of the isolated HAs were investigated during the test. Temporal changes in Fe concentrations in the tanks were consistent with data collected in previous studies. Analyses of the surface by 57Fe Mossbauer spectroscopy showed that the concentration of Fe2+ in the fertilizer decreased and the ratio of Fe3+ increased, during the test when steelmaking slag was mixed with compost. Changes in the UV-vis absorptivities indicated that de-aromatization had occurred. These results indicate that microorganisms that were present under these experimental conditions became activated by the mixing of compost with steelmaking slag, and are closely related to the continuous elution of Fe. The residual Fe in the fertilizer after the tests was investigated by analyzing seawater and the levels of extractable Fe. The trends for extractable Fe concentrations were consistent with the results obtained by 57Fe Mossbauer spectroscopy and UV-vis spectra.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-551
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Sciences
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fe mossbauer spectroscopy
  • Compost
  • Humic acids
  • Iron elution
  • Seawater
  • Steelmaking slag
  • UV-vis parameter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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