Mechanistic analysis of post-combustion CO2 capture performance during amine degradation

Hirotaka Isogai*, Takao Nakagaki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Degradation of amine is often regarded as a major problem for amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture. However, the observed regeneration energy in long-term pilot plant operations does not necessarily increase, regardless of the accumulation of degradation compounds. This paper provides a mechanistic explanation for this seemingly paradoxical behavior by focusing on the influence of heat stable salts and the CO2 loading range on solution properties. Post-combustion CO2 capture using degraded amine solution was simulated in Aspen Plus®, and the influence of heat stable salts on CO2 loading, solution properties, and regeneration energy were analyzed. Results indicate that the alteration of the operational CO2 loading range and the physical properties of heat stable salts themselves cause changes in solution properties that dictate overall energy consumption, such as viscosity, vapor liquid equilibrium, and specific heat capacity. These effects often offset each other to some extent, thereby obscuring the influence of individual factors on regeneration energy. These counteracting effects can largely explain the seemingly paradoxical behavior of post-combustion capture maintaining relatively low energy consumption even when amine degradation proceeds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103597
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb

Keywords

  • 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol
  • Chemical absorption
  • Piperazine
  • Rate-based model
  • eNRTL model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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