Meditators and non-meditators: EEG source imaging during resting

Shisei Tei, Pascal L. Faber, Dietrich Lehmann, Takuya Tsujiuchi, Hiroaki Kumano, Roberto D. Pascual-Marqui, Lorena R R Gianotti, Kieko Kochi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    36 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Many meditation exercises aim at increased awareness of ongoing experiences through sustained attention and at detachment, i.e., non-engaging observation of these ongoing experiences by the intent not to analyze, judge or expect anything. Long-term meditation practice is believed to generalize the ability of increased awareness and greater detachment into everyday life. We hypothesized that neuroplasticity effects of meditation (correlates of increased awareness and detachment) would be detectable in a no-task resting state. EEG recorded during resting was compared between Qigong meditators and controls. Using LORETA (low resolution electromagnetic tomography) to compute the intracerebral source locations, differences in brain activations between groups were found in the inhibitory delta EEG frequency band. In the meditators, appraisal systems were inhibited, while brain areas involved in the detection and integration of internal and external sensory information showed increased activation. This suggests that neuroplasticity effects of long-term meditation practice, subjectively described as increased awareness and greater detachment, are carried over into non-meditating states.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)158-165
    Number of pages8
    JournalBrain Topography
    Volume22
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov

    Fingerprint

    Meditation
    Electroencephalography
    Neuronal Plasticity
    Qigong
    Aptitude
    Electromagnetic Phenomena
    Brain
    Tomography
    Observation

    Keywords

    • EEG localization
    • LORETA
    • Meditation
    • Plasticity
    • Qigong

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Clinical Neurology
    • Anatomy
    • Neurology
    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
    • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

    Cite this

    Tei, S., Faber, P. L., Lehmann, D., Tsujiuchi, T., Kumano, H., Pascual-Marqui, R. D., ... Kochi, K. (2009). Meditators and non-meditators: EEG source imaging during resting. Brain Topography, 22(3), 158-165. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10548-009-0107-4

    Meditators and non-meditators : EEG source imaging during resting. / Tei, Shisei; Faber, Pascal L.; Lehmann, Dietrich; Tsujiuchi, Takuya; Kumano, Hiroaki; Pascual-Marqui, Roberto D.; Gianotti, Lorena R R; Kochi, Kieko.

    In: Brain Topography, Vol. 22, No. 3, 11.2009, p. 158-165.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Tei, S, Faber, PL, Lehmann, D, Tsujiuchi, T, Kumano, H, Pascual-Marqui, RD, Gianotti, LRR & Kochi, K 2009, 'Meditators and non-meditators: EEG source imaging during resting', Brain Topography, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 158-165. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10548-009-0107-4
    Tei, Shisei ; Faber, Pascal L. ; Lehmann, Dietrich ; Tsujiuchi, Takuya ; Kumano, Hiroaki ; Pascual-Marqui, Roberto D. ; Gianotti, Lorena R R ; Kochi, Kieko. / Meditators and non-meditators : EEG source imaging during resting. In: Brain Topography. 2009 ; Vol. 22, No. 3. pp. 158-165.
    @article{1b3daf8ae6ec41dbb567583335703db2,
    title = "Meditators and non-meditators: EEG source imaging during resting",
    abstract = "Many meditation exercises aim at increased awareness of ongoing experiences through sustained attention and at detachment, i.e., non-engaging observation of these ongoing experiences by the intent not to analyze, judge or expect anything. Long-term meditation practice is believed to generalize the ability of increased awareness and greater detachment into everyday life. We hypothesized that neuroplasticity effects of meditation (correlates of increased awareness and detachment) would be detectable in a no-task resting state. EEG recorded during resting was compared between Qigong meditators and controls. Using LORETA (low resolution electromagnetic tomography) to compute the intracerebral source locations, differences in brain activations between groups were found in the inhibitory delta EEG frequency band. In the meditators, appraisal systems were inhibited, while brain areas involved in the detection and integration of internal and external sensory information showed increased activation. This suggests that neuroplasticity effects of long-term meditation practice, subjectively described as increased awareness and greater detachment, are carried over into non-meditating states.",
    keywords = "EEG localization, LORETA, Meditation, Plasticity, Qigong",
    author = "Shisei Tei and Faber, {Pascal L.} and Dietrich Lehmann and Takuya Tsujiuchi and Hiroaki Kumano and Pascual-Marqui, {Roberto D.} and Gianotti, {Lorena R R} and Kieko Kochi",
    year = "2009",
    month = "11",
    doi = "10.1007/s10548-009-0107-4",
    language = "English",
    volume = "22",
    pages = "158--165",
    journal = "Brain Topography",
    issn = "0896-0267",
    publisher = "Kluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Meditators and non-meditators

    T2 - EEG source imaging during resting

    AU - Tei, Shisei

    AU - Faber, Pascal L.

    AU - Lehmann, Dietrich

    AU - Tsujiuchi, Takuya

    AU - Kumano, Hiroaki

    AU - Pascual-Marqui, Roberto D.

    AU - Gianotti, Lorena R R

    AU - Kochi, Kieko

    PY - 2009/11

    Y1 - 2009/11

    N2 - Many meditation exercises aim at increased awareness of ongoing experiences through sustained attention and at detachment, i.e., non-engaging observation of these ongoing experiences by the intent not to analyze, judge or expect anything. Long-term meditation practice is believed to generalize the ability of increased awareness and greater detachment into everyday life. We hypothesized that neuroplasticity effects of meditation (correlates of increased awareness and detachment) would be detectable in a no-task resting state. EEG recorded during resting was compared between Qigong meditators and controls. Using LORETA (low resolution electromagnetic tomography) to compute the intracerebral source locations, differences in brain activations between groups were found in the inhibitory delta EEG frequency band. In the meditators, appraisal systems were inhibited, while brain areas involved in the detection and integration of internal and external sensory information showed increased activation. This suggests that neuroplasticity effects of long-term meditation practice, subjectively described as increased awareness and greater detachment, are carried over into non-meditating states.

    AB - Many meditation exercises aim at increased awareness of ongoing experiences through sustained attention and at detachment, i.e., non-engaging observation of these ongoing experiences by the intent not to analyze, judge or expect anything. Long-term meditation practice is believed to generalize the ability of increased awareness and greater detachment into everyday life. We hypothesized that neuroplasticity effects of meditation (correlates of increased awareness and detachment) would be detectable in a no-task resting state. EEG recorded during resting was compared between Qigong meditators and controls. Using LORETA (low resolution electromagnetic tomography) to compute the intracerebral source locations, differences in brain activations between groups were found in the inhibitory delta EEG frequency band. In the meditators, appraisal systems were inhibited, while brain areas involved in the detection and integration of internal and external sensory information showed increased activation. This suggests that neuroplasticity effects of long-term meditation practice, subjectively described as increased awareness and greater detachment, are carried over into non-meditating states.

    KW - EEG localization

    KW - LORETA

    KW - Meditation

    KW - Plasticity

    KW - Qigong

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70349439012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70349439012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/s10548-009-0107-4

    DO - 10.1007/s10548-009-0107-4

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 19653090

    AN - SCOPUS:70349439012

    VL - 22

    SP - 158

    EP - 165

    JO - Brain Topography

    JF - Brain Topography

    SN - 0896-0267

    IS - 3

    ER -