The spinel oxide AlV2O4 exhibits a structural phase transition from cubic to rhombohedral lattice at Tc 700 K, accompanied by V valence skipping. We have investigated the microscopic magnetic properties by the 51V and 27Al NMR measurements across Tc in a temperature range from 2 K to 850 K. The Knight shifts at the 51V and 27Al sites selectively monitor the local spin susceptibilities with different temperature dependence. We reveal that there are two V sites having a nonmagnetic ground state and a frustrated paramagnetic spin. The results are consistent with the spin-singlet heptamer formation consisting of seven vanadium atoms with 18 electrons. This transition uniquely releases the spin and charge frustration on the original V pyrochlore lattice with an aid of the orbital order and the structural distortion. The spin frustration is also highlighted in the anomalous magnetic correlations detected by the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate at the V and Al sites.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)