Substrate specificities of mammalian mitochondrial methionyl-tRNA transformylase (MTFmt) toward tRNA substrates were characterized in vitro. The MTFmt is able to formylate E. coli initiator methionyl-tRNA (Met-tRNA(fMet)) as efficiently as mammalian mitochondrial methionyl-tRNA. Furthermore, E. coli elongator methionyl-tRNA (Met-tRNA(mMet)) also serves as a substrate for mt MTF, whereas E. coli MTF rigorously excludes E. coli Met-tRNA(mMet) from formylation reaction. Thus, mammal mt MTF is suggested to have recognition mechanism different from E. coli MTF. To pursue the relationship between protein structure and unexpected substrate specificity of mammalian MTFmt, the nucleotide sequence of MTFmt gene was determined and its amino acids sequence was compared to other MTFs of prokaryotic origin.
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Nucleic acids symposium series|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
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