We investigated in detail the effect of pegylated recombinant human megakaryocyte growth and development factor (PEG-rHuMGDF) on peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) mobilization in male BDF1 mice. Treatment with PEG- rHuMGDF for 5 d stimulated a striking expansion of the circulating levels of multiple types of colony-forming units in culture (CFU-c), including CFU- granulocyte-macrophage, CFU-megakaryocyte, burst-forming units-erythroid, and multipotent CFU-c, and primitive day-12 CFU-spleen. All of these progenitors were mobilized into the peripheral blood (PB) with similar kinetics; their numbers peaked after the cessation of treatment and then declined earlier than platelet numbers peaked. The maximal increase in any of the four CFU-c in the PB was attained with at least 300 μg/kg/d of PEG-rHuMGDF, whereas peripheral platelet counts plateaued at 30 μg/kg/d. Adoptive transfer with PB from PEG- rHuMGDF-treated donor mice resulted in greater survival of lethally irradiated recipients. The majority of the recipients that survived at 187 d after transplantation with PEG-rHuMGDF-mobilized PB showed significant donor engraftment at the progenitor cell level. The combined administration of appropriate doses of PEG-rHuMGDF and recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor induced a synergistic increase in the circulating levels of the four CFU-c compared to either factor alone. These results indicate that PEG-rHUMGDF as a single agent can mobilize a full spectrum of PBPCs in mice.
- Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
- Megakaryocyte growth and development factor
- Peripheral blood progenitor cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas