The nucleation and evolution of bubbles are investigated in the model of an 0(3)-symmetric scalar field coupled to gravity in the high temperature limit. It is shown that, in addition to the well-known bubble of which the inside region is the true vacuum, there exists another decay channel at high temperature which is described by a new solution such that a false vacuum region like a global monopole remains at the center of a bubble. The value of the Euclidean action of this bubble is higher than that of the ordinary bubble; however, the production rate of it can be considerable for a certain range of scalar potentials.
- Cosmological phase transition
- Finite-temperature field theory
- General relativity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics