Multi-color microfluidic organic light-emitting diodes based on on-demand emitting layers of pyrene-based liquid organic semiconductors with fluorescent guest dopants

Takashi Kasahara, Shigeyuki Matsunami, Tomohiko Edura, Ryoichi Ishimatsu, Juro Oshima, Miho Tsuwaki, Toshihiko Imato, Shuichi Shoji, Chihaya Adachi, Jun Mizuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we propose on-demand multi-color microfluidic organic light-emitting diodes (microfluidic OLEDs) using fluorescent guest emitter-doped liquid organic semiconductors. We use 1-pyrenebutyric acid 2-ethylhexyl ester (PLQ) not only for a greenish-blue liquid emitter, but also for a liquid host. 5,12-Diphenyltetracene (DPT), 5,6,11,12-tetraphenyltetracene (rubrene), and tetraphenyldibenzoperiflanthene (DBP) are doped into PLQ to obtain green, yellow, and red liquid emitters, respectively. Single-micrometer-thick SU-8-based microchannels sandwiched between an indium tin oxide (ITO) anode and a 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES)-modified ITO cathode are fabricated on a glass substrate using photolithography and heterogeneous bonding techniques, and emitting layers are formed on-demand by simply injecting liquid emitters into the target microchannels. The microfluidic OLEDs with liquid emitters successfully exhibited multi-color electroluminescence (EL) emissions. Furthermore, the maximum luminance reached 26.0 cd/m2 at 61 V for 2.5-μm-thick microfluidic OLED with PLQ, and the decreased EL luminance was recovered by replacing the degraded emitting layer with a fresh liquid emitter. We expect that on-demand multi-color EL emissions and refreshable luminance features of the proposed microfluidic OLEDs will be highly promising technologies for future long-life light-emitting device applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-489
Number of pages9
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Issue numberPart A
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb



  • Electro-microfluidic
  • Energy transfer
  • Liquid OLEDs
  • Liquid host
  • Liquid organic semiconductor
  • Microfluidic OLEDs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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