Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were grown directly on substrates by alcohol catalytic chemical vapor deposition using a Co-Mo binary catalyst. Optimum catalytic and reaction conditions were investigated using a combinatorial catalyst library. High catalytic activity areas on the substrate were identified by mapping the CNT yield against the orthogonal gradient thickness profiles of Co and Mo. The location of these areas shifted with changes in reaction temperature, ethanol pressure and ethanol flow rate. Vertically aligned single-walled CNT (SWCNT) forests grew in several areas to a maximum height of ca. 30 μm in 10 min. A pure Co catalyst yielded a vertically aligned SWCNT forest with a bimodal diameter distribution. The effects of Mo on the formation of catalyst nanoparticles and on the diameter distribution of SWCNTs are discussed and Mo as thin as a monolayer or thinner was found to suppress the broadening of SWCNT diameter distributions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)