N-acetyl-L-cysteine prevents lactate-mediated PGC1-alpha expression in C2C12 myotubes

Minas Nalbandian, Zsolt Radak, Masaki Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Exercise induces many physiological adaptations. Recently, it has been proposed that some of these adaptations are induced by exercise-mediated lactate production. In this study, we aimed to investigate in vitro the effect of lactate in cultured myotubes and whether antioxidants could inhibit the effect. Methods: Differentiated myotubes were cultured at different concentrations of L-lactate (0, 10, 30, 50 mM) in the absence or presence of an antioxidant, N-acetyl-L-cysteine (Nac). The temporal effect of lactate exposure in myotubes was also explored. Results: Two hours of exposure to 50 mM L-lactate and six hours of exposure to 30 or 50 mM L-lactate caused a significant increase in PGC1-alpha (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α) expression in the myotubes. This up-regulation was suppressed by 2 mM Nac. Intermittent and continuous lactate exposure caused similar PGC1-alpha up-regulation. These results suggest that the increase in PGC1-alpha expression is mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) production from lactate metabolism and that both continuous and intermittent exposure to L-lactate can cause the up-regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalBiology
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1

Fingerprint

acetylcysteine
Skeletal Muscle Fibers
Acetylcysteine
lactates
Lactic Acid
Up-Regulation
exercise
Antioxidants
Physiological Adaptation
antioxidants
myotubes
PPAR alpha
Metabolism
reactive oxygen species
Reactive Oxygen Species
metabolism

Keywords

  • Lactate signaling
  • Myotubes
  • PGC1-alpha
  • ROS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

N-acetyl-L-cysteine prevents lactate-mediated PGC1-alpha expression in C2C12 myotubes. / Nalbandian, Minas; Radak, Zsolt; Takeda, Masaki.

In: Biology, Vol. 8, No. 2, 44, 01.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nalbandian, Minas ; Radak, Zsolt ; Takeda, Masaki. / N-acetyl-L-cysteine prevents lactate-mediated PGC1-alpha expression in C2C12 myotubes. In: Biology. 2019 ; Vol. 8, No. 2.
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