Nanoscale phase separation in a fcc-based CoCrCuFeNiAl0.5 high-entropy alloy

X. D. Xu, P. Liu, S. Guo, Akihiko Hirata, T. Fujita, T. G. Nieh, C. T. Liu, M. W. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nano-scale phase separation is reported in a nominal single-phase, high-entropy alloy (HEA), which was characterized using scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) combined with atom probe tomography (APT). Despite the fact that X-ray diffraction exhibits a single face-centered-cubic (fcc) phase feature of the as-cast alloy prepared by melt spinning, selected area electron diffraction reveals weak L12 ordering in the as-spun alloy. High-resolution STEM shows the presence of two coherent nanophases with distinct L12 and fcc structures, coupling with compositional segregations. The ordering of the L12 domains is enhanced after annealing at 500 °C. Electron energy loss spectroscopy and APT analyses reveal that the L12 nano-phase is enriched with Fe, Co, Cr and Ni, while the fcc domains are a Cu-rich phase. The nano-scale phase separation can effectively minimize the lattice distortions caused by the atomic size difference in the constituent elements, which may offer structural insights into the unusual mechanical behavior and phase stability of fcc HEA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
JournalActa Materialia
Volume84
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phase separation
Entropy
Tomography
Transmission electron microscopy
Atoms
Scanning electron microscopy
Phase stability
Melt spinning
Electron energy loss spectroscopy
Electron diffraction
Annealing
X ray diffraction

Keywords

  • Atom probe tomography
  • Cs-corrected TEM
  • High-entropy alloy
  • Lattice distortion
  • Phase separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Nanoscale phase separation in a fcc-based CoCrCuFeNiAl0.5 high-entropy alloy. / Xu, X. D.; Liu, P.; Guo, S.; Hirata, Akihiko; Fujita, T.; Nieh, T. G.; Liu, C. T.; Chen, M. W.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 84, 01.02.2015, p. 145-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xu, XD, Liu, P, Guo, S, Hirata, A, Fujita, T, Nieh, TG, Liu, CT & Chen, MW 2015, 'Nanoscale phase separation in a fcc-based CoCrCuFeNiAl0.5 high-entropy alloy', Acta Materialia, vol. 84, pp. 145-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2014.10.033
Xu, X. D. ; Liu, P. ; Guo, S. ; Hirata, Akihiko ; Fujita, T. ; Nieh, T. G. ; Liu, C. T. ; Chen, M. W. / Nanoscale phase separation in a fcc-based CoCrCuFeNiAl0.5 high-entropy alloy. In: Acta Materialia. 2015 ; Vol. 84. pp. 145-152.
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