Nanosized NiO particles wrapped into uniformly mesocaged silica frameworks as effective catalysts of organic amines

Sherif A. El-Safty, Yoshimichi Kiyozumi, Takaaki Hanaoka, Fujio Mizukami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanosized NiO-doped cage cubic Pm3n mesoporous silica materials with high Ni/Si contents (∼1) were fabricated via a simple and reproducible one-step synthetic route. Control over the large particle-like monoliths and 3D cage nanostructures was provided by applying an instant preformed liquid crystalline phase of Brij 78 (C18H35(OCH2CH2)20OH; C18EO20) surfactant as a template. The solid NiO-silica catalysts were characterized by means of various techniques including XRD, N2 isotherms, TEM, SEM, XPS and EDX. Results, in general, show the formation of ordered cage NiO-silica matrices even at high amounts of nickel contents to the composition domains. The NiO-supported cage monoliths afforded catalysts that were more active than the free-support NiO and NiO-supported amorphous silicas. The catalytic activity was assessed in the model oxidation reaction of organic amines using batch contact-time experiments over various temperature ranges. Among all catalysts used, the ordered cage catalyst with open, uniform pore architectures, high surface area and large pore volumes allowed efficient adsorption and diffusion of organic amines to the active site of NiO clusters, leading to a high degree of conversion and a high reaction rate. A practically important issue was developing the recyclable catalysts using NiO-doped cage monoliths; however, these catalysts retained their functionalities toward the oxidation of organic amines even after extended regeneration and recycle uses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume337
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 25
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brij 78 template
  • Catalytic activity
  • NiO clusters
  • Organic amines
  • Supported cage silica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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