The current-voltage (IV) characteristics beyond the linear response regime of magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) is systematically investigated. We find a clear negative correlation between the two coefficients to characterize the linear (I∝V) and the lowest-order nonlinear (I∝V3) currents, which holds regardless of the temperature and the thickness of the tunnel barrier. This observation cannot simply be explained by the standard tunneling model such as the Brinkman model, suggesting a mechanism intrinsic to MTJ. We propose a phenomenological model based on the Jullire model that attributes the observed negative correlation to the spin-flip tunneling assisted by a magnon. These results suggest a fundamental law between the linear and the nonlinear response of MTJ.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics