Negative mood is associated with diet and dietary antioxidants in university students during the menstrual cycle: A cross-sectional study from guangzhou, china

Lingling Bu, Yuting Lai, Yinyang Deng, Chenlu Xiong, Fengying Li, Li Li, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Sihui Ma, Chunhong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Postpubescent females may have negative mood or premenstrual syndrome during the menstrual cycle; with the emotional and physical symptoms interfering with their quality of life. Little is known about the relationship of dietary behaviors and dietary antioxidant intake with negative mood or premenstrual syndrome in university students in China; so we explored the relationship between negative mood and dietary behavior in female university students during the three menstrual cycle phases. Random sampling was used to enroll 88 individuals from a university in Guangzhou; China in the study. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. During the menstrual phase, tea, black coffee and carbonated beverage intake was higher in the group with a high negative affect scale score than in the low score group (p < 0.05). Likewise; during the premenstrual phase, fresh fruit (banana and red Chinese dates) intake was higher in the group with a high negative affect scale score than in the low-score group (p < 0.05). The logistic regression analysis results showed that negative mood was positively associated with tea, coffee, and carbonated beverage intake during the menstrual phase (β = 0.21, p = 0.0453, odds ratio = 1.23), and negative mood was positively associated with banana and red Chinese dates intake during the premenstrual phase (β = 0.59, p = 0.0172, odds ratio = 1.81). Our results suggest that negative mood may be associated with diet and specific food in university postpubescent females.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23
JournalAntioxidants
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan

Keywords

  • Diet behavior
  • Female students
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Negative mood
  • Premenstrual syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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