Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors: Review and research agenda

MohammadJavad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Shannon Sahlqvist, Suzanne Mavoa, Nyssa Hadgraft, Neville Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Physical activity recommendations are beginning to address sedentary behaviors - time spent sitting. Environmental and policy initiatives for physical activity might assist in addressing sedentary behaviors, but sedentary-specific innovations may be required. This review synthesizes current evidence on associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. Methods: A search was conducted using three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Transport Research Information Services). Relevant articles were assessed for their eligibility for inclusion (English-language articles with a quantitative examination of associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors). Results: Within 17 studies meeting inclusion criteria, associations of environmental attributes with sedentary behaviors were examined in 89 instances. Significant associations were found in 28% (n= 25) of them; however, non-significant associations were found in 56% (n= 50) of these instances. The most consistent association was for lower levels of sedentary behavior among residents of urban compared to regional areas. Conclusions: There is a modest but mixed initial evidence in associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. A research agenda required for this emerging field should include the development of more relevant conceptual models, measuring domain-specific sedentary behavior objectively, examining environments in close vicinity of and a larger area around home, and the use of prospective designs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Research
Environmental Policy
Information Services
PubMed
Language
Databases

Keywords

  • Leisure
  • Sitting time
  • Transportation
  • Urban design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors : Review and research agenda. / Koohsari, MohammadJavad; Sugiyama, Takemi; Sahlqvist, Shannon; Mavoa, Suzanne; Hadgraft, Nyssa; Owen, Neville.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 77, 01.08.2015, p. 141-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Koohsari, M, Sugiyama, T, Sahlqvist, S, Mavoa, S, Hadgraft, N & Owen, N 2015, 'Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors: Review and research agenda', Preventive Medicine, vol. 77, pp. 141-149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.05.027
Koohsari, MohammadJavad ; Sugiyama, Takemi ; Sahlqvist, Shannon ; Mavoa, Suzanne ; Hadgraft, Nyssa ; Owen, Neville. / Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors : Review and research agenda. In: Preventive Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 77. pp. 141-149.
@article{97ede9b3b87446bbbf6d95e489db5f6e,
title = "Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors: Review and research agenda",
abstract = "Objective: Physical activity recommendations are beginning to address sedentary behaviors - time spent sitting. Environmental and policy initiatives for physical activity might assist in addressing sedentary behaviors, but sedentary-specific innovations may be required. This review synthesizes current evidence on associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. Methods: A search was conducted using three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Transport Research Information Services). Relevant articles were assessed for their eligibility for inclusion (English-language articles with a quantitative examination of associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors). Results: Within 17 studies meeting inclusion criteria, associations of environmental attributes with sedentary behaviors were examined in 89 instances. Significant associations were found in 28{\%} (n= 25) of them; however, non-significant associations were found in 56{\%} (n= 50) of these instances. The most consistent association was for lower levels of sedentary behavior among residents of urban compared to regional areas. Conclusions: There is a modest but mixed initial evidence in associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. A research agenda required for this emerging field should include the development of more relevant conceptual models, measuring domain-specific sedentary behavior objectively, examining environments in close vicinity of and a larger area around home, and the use of prospective designs.",
keywords = "Leisure, Sitting time, Transportation, Urban design",
author = "MohammadJavad Koohsari and Takemi Sugiyama and Shannon Sahlqvist and Suzanne Mavoa and Nyssa Hadgraft and Neville Owen",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.05.027",
language = "English",
volume = "77",
pages = "141--149",
journal = "Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0091-7435",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors

T2 - Review and research agenda

AU - Koohsari, MohammadJavad

AU - Sugiyama, Takemi

AU - Sahlqvist, Shannon

AU - Mavoa, Suzanne

AU - Hadgraft, Nyssa

AU - Owen, Neville

PY - 2015/8/1

Y1 - 2015/8/1

N2 - Objective: Physical activity recommendations are beginning to address sedentary behaviors - time spent sitting. Environmental and policy initiatives for physical activity might assist in addressing sedentary behaviors, but sedentary-specific innovations may be required. This review synthesizes current evidence on associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. Methods: A search was conducted using three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Transport Research Information Services). Relevant articles were assessed for their eligibility for inclusion (English-language articles with a quantitative examination of associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors). Results: Within 17 studies meeting inclusion criteria, associations of environmental attributes with sedentary behaviors were examined in 89 instances. Significant associations were found in 28% (n= 25) of them; however, non-significant associations were found in 56% (n= 50) of these instances. The most consistent association was for lower levels of sedentary behavior among residents of urban compared to regional areas. Conclusions: There is a modest but mixed initial evidence in associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. A research agenda required for this emerging field should include the development of more relevant conceptual models, measuring domain-specific sedentary behavior objectively, examining environments in close vicinity of and a larger area around home, and the use of prospective designs.

AB - Objective: Physical activity recommendations are beginning to address sedentary behaviors - time spent sitting. Environmental and policy initiatives for physical activity might assist in addressing sedentary behaviors, but sedentary-specific innovations may be required. This review synthesizes current evidence on associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. Methods: A search was conducted using three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Transport Research Information Services). Relevant articles were assessed for their eligibility for inclusion (English-language articles with a quantitative examination of associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors). Results: Within 17 studies meeting inclusion criteria, associations of environmental attributes with sedentary behaviors were examined in 89 instances. Significant associations were found in 28% (n= 25) of them; however, non-significant associations were found in 56% (n= 50) of these instances. The most consistent association was for lower levels of sedentary behavior among residents of urban compared to regional areas. Conclusions: There is a modest but mixed initial evidence in associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. A research agenda required for this emerging field should include the development of more relevant conceptual models, measuring domain-specific sedentary behavior objectively, examining environments in close vicinity of and a larger area around home, and the use of prospective designs.

KW - Leisure

KW - Sitting time

KW - Transportation

KW - Urban design

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84931265568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84931265568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.05.027

DO - 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.05.027

M3 - Review article

C2 - 26051198

AN - SCOPUS:84931265568

VL - 77

SP - 141

EP - 149

JO - Preventive Medicine

JF - Preventive Medicine

SN - 0091-7435

ER -