Neighborhood Size and Neighborhood Frequency Effects in Word Recognition

Chris R. Sears, Yasushi Hino, Stephen J. Lupker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

174 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

What are the effects of a word's orthographic neighborhood on the word recognition process? Andrews (1989) reported that large neighborhoods facilitate lexical access (the neighborhood size effect). Grainger, O'Regan, Jacobs, & Segui (1989) reported that higher frequency neighbors inhibit lexical access (the "neighborhood frequency effect"). Because neighborhood size and neighborhood frequency typically covary (words with large neighborhoods will usually possess higher frequency neighbors), these findings would seem to contradict one another. In the present study, 6 experiments on the effects of neighborhood size and neighborhood frequency indicated that, at least for low-frequency words, large neighborhoods do facilitate processing. However, the existence of higher frequency neighbors seems to facilitate rather than inhibit processing. The implications of these findings for serial and parallel models of lexical access are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)876-900
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume21
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Neighborhood Size
Frequency Effect
Word Recognition
Neighbors
Lexical Access
Word Frequency
Orthographic Neighborhood
Experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Neighborhood Size and Neighborhood Frequency Effects in Word Recognition. / Sears, Chris R.; Hino, Yasushi; Lupker, Stephen J.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol. 21, No. 4, 08.1995, p. 876-900.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d737a0340000481db69d90558637a483,
title = "Neighborhood Size and Neighborhood Frequency Effects in Word Recognition",
abstract = "What are the effects of a word's orthographic neighborhood on the word recognition process? Andrews (1989) reported that large neighborhoods facilitate lexical access (the neighborhood size effect). Grainger, O'Regan, Jacobs, & Segui (1989) reported that higher frequency neighbors inhibit lexical access (the {"}neighborhood frequency effect{"}). Because neighborhood size and neighborhood frequency typically covary (words with large neighborhoods will usually possess higher frequency neighbors), these findings would seem to contradict one another. In the present study, 6 experiments on the effects of neighborhood size and neighborhood frequency indicated that, at least for low-frequency words, large neighborhoods do facilitate processing. However, the existence of higher frequency neighbors seems to facilitate rather than inhibit processing. The implications of these findings for serial and parallel models of lexical access are discussed.",
author = "Sears, {Chris R.} and Yasushi Hino and Lupker, {Stephen J.}",
year = "1995",
month = "8",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "876--900",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance",
issn = "0096-1523",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neighborhood Size and Neighborhood Frequency Effects in Word Recognition

AU - Sears, Chris R.

AU - Hino, Yasushi

AU - Lupker, Stephen J.

PY - 1995/8

Y1 - 1995/8

N2 - What are the effects of a word's orthographic neighborhood on the word recognition process? Andrews (1989) reported that large neighborhoods facilitate lexical access (the neighborhood size effect). Grainger, O'Regan, Jacobs, & Segui (1989) reported that higher frequency neighbors inhibit lexical access (the "neighborhood frequency effect"). Because neighborhood size and neighborhood frequency typically covary (words with large neighborhoods will usually possess higher frequency neighbors), these findings would seem to contradict one another. In the present study, 6 experiments on the effects of neighborhood size and neighborhood frequency indicated that, at least for low-frequency words, large neighborhoods do facilitate processing. However, the existence of higher frequency neighbors seems to facilitate rather than inhibit processing. The implications of these findings for serial and parallel models of lexical access are discussed.

AB - What are the effects of a word's orthographic neighborhood on the word recognition process? Andrews (1989) reported that large neighborhoods facilitate lexical access (the neighborhood size effect). Grainger, O'Regan, Jacobs, & Segui (1989) reported that higher frequency neighbors inhibit lexical access (the "neighborhood frequency effect"). Because neighborhood size and neighborhood frequency typically covary (words with large neighborhoods will usually possess higher frequency neighbors), these findings would seem to contradict one another. In the present study, 6 experiments on the effects of neighborhood size and neighborhood frequency indicated that, at least for low-frequency words, large neighborhoods do facilitate processing. However, the existence of higher frequency neighbors seems to facilitate rather than inhibit processing. The implications of these findings for serial and parallel models of lexical access are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=21844497841&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=21844497841&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 876

EP - 900

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

SN - 0096-1523

IS - 4

ER -