Neuroscience of cursive handwriting

A computational appraoch

Kazuyoshi Fukuzawa, Satoko Tsunoda, Yasuharu Koike, Yasuhiro Wada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Based on the minimum torque change model (MTCM), Wada and Kawato (1995) proposed a computational model of cursive handwriting which includes the following assumptions. The brain represents via-points that the hand passes through in a trajectory. Cursive handwriting consists of consecutive reaching movements. The via-points for handwriting are retrieved from memory during actual handwriting. Mathematically extracted via-points based on MTCM proved to be practically identical to motor primitives measured by EMG suggesting that drastic directional changes in muscle movement may be determining the location of via-points. Based on computational model, we examined the via-points in the cursive handwriting of a patient with parietal lobe involvement accompaning agraphia. While the control subject showed basically the same numbers and locations in via-points regardless of the velocity of hand movement, the patient's number and locations of via-points differed depending on the velocity of hand movement. The results suggest that the control subject retrieved necessary via-points based on the velocity of handwriting. The results also may reflect the neuropsychological nature of agraphic hand writing in a patient with parietal lobe damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)914-916
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Neurology
Volume46
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Nov

Fingerprint

Handwriting
Neurosciences
Hand
Parietal Lobe
Torque
Agraphia
Muscles
Brain

Keywords

  • Agraphia
  • Computational theory of movement
  • Cursive handwriting
  • Motor primitive
  • Via-point

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Fukuzawa, K., Tsunoda, S., Koike, Y., & Wada, Y. (2006). Neuroscience of cursive handwriting: A computational appraoch. Clinical Neurology, 46(11), 914-916.

Neuroscience of cursive handwriting : A computational appraoch. / Fukuzawa, Kazuyoshi; Tsunoda, Satoko; Koike, Yasuharu; Wada, Yasuhiro.

In: Clinical Neurology, Vol. 46, No. 11, 11.2006, p. 914-916.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fukuzawa, K, Tsunoda, S, Koike, Y & Wada, Y 2006, 'Neuroscience of cursive handwriting: A computational appraoch', Clinical Neurology, vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 914-916.
Fukuzawa, Kazuyoshi ; Tsunoda, Satoko ; Koike, Yasuharu ; Wada, Yasuhiro. / Neuroscience of cursive handwriting : A computational appraoch. In: Clinical Neurology. 2006 ; Vol. 46, No. 11. pp. 914-916.
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