Neutrino astronomy as a probe into physics of hot and dense matter

Ken'ichiro Nakazato, Kohsuke Sumiyoshi, Hideyuki Suzuki, Shoichi Yamada

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We have performed several simulations on non-rotational core-collapses of a star with 4OM⊙ by a general relativistic ν-radiation-hydrodynamics code and computed quantitatively the dynamics up to the black hole formation as well as the neutrino luminosities and spectra. Employing different hadronic equations of state (EOS), we have demonstrated that the duration of neutrino emissions from this event is sensitive to the stiffness of EOS at supra-nuclear densities and, therefore, that the observation of neutrinos from such an event will provide us with valuable information on the properties of dense and hot hadronic matter as well as on the maximum mass of proto-neutron stars. However, this approach can not distinguish EOS's with a similar stiffness: a soft nucleonic EOS and a hyperonic EOS, for example. In this study, we attempt to break this degeneracy by analyzing more in detail the time variation of neutrino numbers observed at a terrestrial detector. Performing the Kolmogolov- Smirnovtest, which is free from the ambiguity of the distance to the progenitor, we show that the break-up of the degeneracy of hadronic EOS's is indeed feasible for Galactic events.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTours Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics - VII
Pages145-150
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 20
Event7th Tours Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics - Kobe, Japan
Duration: 2009 Nov 162009 Nov 20

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1238
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other7th Tours Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics
CountryJapan
CityKobe
Period09/11/1609/11/20

Keywords

  • Equation of state for nuclear matter
  • Neutrino astronomy
  • Stellar core collapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Nakazato, K., Sumiyoshi, K., Suzuki, H., & Yamada, S. (2010). Neutrino astronomy as a probe into physics of hot and dense matter. In Tours Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics - VII (pp. 145-150). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1238). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3455918