We study thermal evolution of isolated neutron stars in scalar-tensor theories for the first time. Whether the rapid cooling due to the direct Urca process occurs or not is an interesting question in the viewpoint of the temperature observation of isolated neutron stars. The cooling effect is typically influenced by the proton fraction and the central density. If a fifth force is mediated due to modification of gravity, the relation between the central density and mass of neutron stars differs from one in general relativity, and the cooling curve is also naively expected to be varied. We find that an unscreened fifth force near the surface of neutron stars changes mass-central density relation, and the direct Urca process can be triggered even for neutron stars with smaller mass. This might enable us to test gravitational theories with neutron star cooling.
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Mar 27|
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