TY - JOUR

T1 - Neutron stars with a generalized Proca hair and spontaneous vectorization

AU - Kase, Ryotaro

AU - Minamitsuji, Masato

AU - Tsujikawa, Shinji

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020, The Authors. All rights reserved.
Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/1/29

Y1 - 2020/1/29

N2 - In a class of generalized Proca theories, we study the existence of neutron star solutions with a nonvanishing temporal component of the vector field Aµ approaching 0 toward spatial infinity, as they may be the endpoints of tachyonic instabilities of neutron star solutions in general relativity with Aµ = 0. Such a phenomenon is called spontaneous vectorization, which is analogous to spontaneous scalarization in scalar-tensor theories with nonminimal couplings to the curvature or matter. For the nonminimal coupling βXR, where β is a coupling constant and X = −AµAµ/2, we show that there exist both 0-node and 1-node vector-field solutions, irrespective of the choice of the equations of state of nuclear matter. The 0-node solution, which is present only for β = −O(0.1), may be induced by some nonlinear effects such as the selected choice of initial conditions. The 1-node solution exists for β = −O(1), which suddenly emerges above a critical central density of star and approaches the general relativistic branch with the increasing central density. We compute the mass M and radius rs of neutron stars for some realistic equations of state and show that the M-rs relations of 0-node and 1-node solutions exhibit notable difference from those of scalarized solutions in scalar-tensor theories. Finally, we discuss the possible endpoints of tachyonic instabilities.

AB - In a class of generalized Proca theories, we study the existence of neutron star solutions with a nonvanishing temporal component of the vector field Aµ approaching 0 toward spatial infinity, as they may be the endpoints of tachyonic instabilities of neutron star solutions in general relativity with Aµ = 0. Such a phenomenon is called spontaneous vectorization, which is analogous to spontaneous scalarization in scalar-tensor theories with nonminimal couplings to the curvature or matter. For the nonminimal coupling βXR, where β is a coupling constant and X = −AµAµ/2, we show that there exist both 0-node and 1-node vector-field solutions, irrespective of the choice of the equations of state of nuclear matter. The 0-node solution, which is present only for β = −O(0.1), may be induced by some nonlinear effects such as the selected choice of initial conditions. The 1-node solution exists for β = −O(1), which suddenly emerges above a critical central density of star and approaches the general relativistic branch with the increasing central density. We compute the mass M and radius rs of neutron stars for some realistic equations of state and show that the M-rs relations of 0-node and 1-node solutions exhibit notable difference from those of scalarized solutions in scalar-tensor theories. Finally, we discuss the possible endpoints of tachyonic instabilities.

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M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85094737104

JO - Nuclear Physics A

JF - Nuclear Physics A

SN - 0375-9474

ER -