New data on the Neogene anthracotheres (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from central Myanmar

Takehisa Tsubamoto, Thaung-Htike, Zin-Maung-Maung-Thein, Naoko Egi, Yuichiro Nishioka, Maung-Maung, Masanaru Takai

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Gnatho-dental specimens of the anthracotheres (Mammalia; Artiodactyla) from the four Neogene localities of central Myanmar are described. Four species of anthracotheres are recognized in the Neogene of central Myanmar: Microbunodon silistrensis and a small bothriodontine from the middle Miocene; and Microbunodon milaensis and Merycopotamus dissimilis from the latest Miocene to Pliocene. This discovery extends the temporal range of Microbunodon up to the Pliocene. The co-occurrence of forest-dwelling Microbunodon and grass-eating and semi-aquatic Me. dissimilis reinforces that central Myanmar was less arid and had a wider range of habitats than the northern Indian Subcontinent during the Pliocene. This implies the possibility that Pliocene Southeast Asia might have been a refugium for some late Miocene forest-dwelling ungulates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)956-964
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Palaeontology

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    Tsubamoto, T., Thaung-Htike, Zin-Maung-Maung-Thein, Egi, N., Nishioka, Y., Maung-Maung, & Takai, M. (2012). New data on the Neogene anthracotheres (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from central Myanmar. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32(4), 956-964.