Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon Nanospheres from Natural Sepia Ink: Easy Preparation and Extraordinary Capacitive Performance

Xiaodong Hao, Jie Wang, Bing Ding, Zhi Chang, Ya Wang, Hui Dou, Xiaogang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Heteroatom-doped nanostructured porous carbons have attracted intensive attention for electrical-double layer capacitors (EDLCs) because of their large surface area and surface functionalization. Here we use biowaste sepia ink as a sustainable source to synthesize nitrogen-doped highly porous carbon nanospheres by a simple molten salt-based activation strategy. The introduction of molten salt is not only beneficial for repairing the carbon conjugate network, but can also further improve the activation effect of porogen. The as-obtained carbon nanospheres (MA-NCS) displayed a large surface area of 1760 m2 g−1, optimized pore architecture, and high nitrogen content (8.6 wt %). With this design, the MA-NCS as EDLCs electrode exhibited a remarkable specific capacitance of 320 F g−1 at the current density of 0.5 A g−1 and high rate capability in 6 m KOH electrolyte. Furthermore, the assembled EDLCs demonstrated a high specific capacitance of 130 F g−1 at 0.5 A g−1 in an organic electrolyte (1 m TEABF4/AN), obtaining a maximum energy density of 28.2 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 625 W kg−1. This novel biowaste precursor-synthesis route presents great potential for facile large-scale production of high-performance porous carbons for green and long-term energy storage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895-901
Number of pages7
JournalChemNanoMat
Volume3
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • doping
  • molten salt-based activation
  • nanostructures
  • porous carbon nanospheres
  • supercapacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

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