Non-destructive elemental analysis of large meteorite samples by prompt gamma-ray neutron activation analysis with the internal mono-standard method

Sk A. Latif, Y. Oura, M. Ebihara, H. Nakahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prompt gamma-ray neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) using the internal mono-standard method was tested for its applicability to analyzing large solid samples including irregularly shaped meteorite samples. For evaluating the accuracy and precision of themethod, large quantities of the Geological Survey of Japan standardized rock powders (JB-1a, JG-1a, and JP-1) were analyzed and 12 elements (B, Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe, Sm, and Gd) were determined by using Si as an internal standard element. Analytical results were mostly in agreement with literature values within 10 %. The precision of the method was also shown to be within 10 % (1s) for most of these elements. The analytical procedure was then applied to four stony meteorites (Allende, Kimble County, Leedey, Lake Labyrinth) and four iron meteorites (Canyon Diablo, Toluca (Mexico), Toluca (Xiquipilco), Squaw Creek) consisting of large chunks or single slabs. For stony meteorites, major elements (Mg, Al, Si, S, Ca, and Ni), minor elements (Na and Mn) and trace element (B, Cl, K, Ti, Co, and Sm) were determined with adequate accuracy. For iron meteorites, results for the Co and Ni mass fractions determined are all consistent with corresponding literature values. After the analysis, it was confirmed that the residual radioactivity remaining in the sample after PGNAAwas very low and decreased down to the background level. This study shows that PGNAAwith the internal monostandard method is highly practical for determining the elemental composition of large, irregularly shaped solid samples including meteorites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8749-8759
Number of pages11
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume405
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 16
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Internal monostandard method
  • Large samples
  • Meteorites
  • Neutron activation analysis
  • Prompt gamma-ray neutron activation analysis (PGNAA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

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