Non-linear collisional Penrose process: How much energy can a black hole release?

Ken Ichi Nakao*, Hirotada Okawa, Kei Ichi Maeda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Energy extraction from a rotating or charged black hole is one of the fascinating issues in general relativity. The collisional Penrose process is one such extraction mechanism and has been reconsidered intensively since Bañados, Silk, and West pointed out the physical importance of very high energy collisions around a maximally rotating black hole. In order to get results analytically, the test particle approximation has been adopted so far. Successive works based on this approximation scheme have not yet revealed the upper bound on the efficiency of the energy extraction because of the lack of backreaction. In the Reissner-Nordström spacetime, by fully taking into account the self-gravity of the shells, we find that there is an upper bound on the extracted energy that is consistent with the area law of a black hole. We also show one particular scenario in which almost the maximum energy extraction is achieved even without the Bañados-Silk-West collision.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013E01
JournalProgress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Non-linear collisional Penrose process: How much energy can a black hole release?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this