Nondestructive Quantitative Analysis of Difficult-to-Measure Radionuclides 107Pd and 99Tc

Yosuke Toh*, Mariko Segawa, Makoto Maeda, Masayuki Tsuneyama, Atsushi Kimura, Shoji Nakamura, Shunsuke Endo, Mitsuru Ebihara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Considering the expanding demand for nuclear waste management of the spent nuclear fuel materials in near future, a nondestructive analytical scheme applicable to one of the most difficult-to-measure nuclides 107Pd, which emits no decay γ-rays and whose half-life is too long to be decayed out during a human lifetime, was designed. The scheme consists of a sophisticated instrument capable of the detection of γ-rays by Ge detectors coupled with time-of-flight measurement of neutrons and a high-intensity pulsed neutron beam and can simultaneously perform time-of-flight-coupled prompt γ-ray analysis (TOF-PGA) as well as PGA and neutron resonance capture analysis (NRCA). The analytical capability for simulated samples of the Tc-platinum group metals (Tc-PGMs) obtained by the group-partitioning process of spent nuclear fuels, which contain not only 107Pd but also 99Tc and other difficult-to-measure fission products, was evaluated. It was confirmed that although PGA and NRCA can accurately analyze both nuclides in individual, single substances, only TOF-PGA can analyze 107Pd as well as 99Tc in the Tc-PGM-simulated sample. The TOF-PGA measurement technique can be widely used for the nondestructive analysis of 107Pd and 99Tc in nuclear wastes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9771-9777
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume93
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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