Nonlinear stability of Ekman boundary layers in rotating stratified fluids

Hajime Koba

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A stationary solution of the rotating Navier-Stokes equations with a boundary condition is called an Ekman boundary layer. This booklet constructs stationary solutions of the rotating Navier-Stokes-Boussinesq equations with stratification effects in the case when the rotating axis is not necessarily perpendicular to the horizon. We call such stationary solutions Ekman layers. This booklet shows the existence of a weak solution to an Ekman perturbed system, which satisfies the strong energy inequality. Moreover, we discuss the uniqueness of weak solutions and compute the decay rate of weak solutions with respect to time under some assumptions on the Ekman layers and the physical parameters. It is also shown that there exists a unique global-in-time strong solution of the perturbed system when the initial datum is sufficiently small. Comparing a weak solution satisfying the strong energy inequality with the strong solution implies that the weak solution is smooth with respect to time when time is sufficiently large.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-127
    Number of pages127
    JournalMemoirs of the American Mathematical Society
    Volume228
    Issue number1073
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar

    Fingerprint

    Stratified Fluid
    Rotating Fluid
    Nonlinear Stability
    Weak Solution
    Boundary Layer
    Boundary layers
    Stationary Solutions
    Fluids
    Energy Inequality
    Rotating
    Perturbed System
    Strong Solution
    Navier Stokes equations
    Navier-Stokes Equations
    Boussinesq Equations
    Stratification
    Decay Rate
    Perpendicular
    Horizon
    Uniqueness

    Keywords

    • Asymptotic stability
    • Boussinesq system
    • Coriolis force
    • Ekman spiral
    • Maximal Lp-regularity
    • Perturbation theory
    • Real interpolation theory
    • Smoothness and regularity
    • Stability of Ekman boundary layers
    • Stratification effect
    • Strong energy equality
    • Strong energy inequality
    • Strong solutions
    • Uniqueness of weak solutions
    • Weak solutions

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Mathematics(all)
    • Applied Mathematics

    Cite this

    Nonlinear stability of Ekman boundary layers in rotating stratified fluids. / Koba, Hajime.

    In: Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 228, No. 1073, 03.2014, p. 1-127.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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