Novel photon-counting low-dose computed tomography using a multi-pixel photon counter

H. Morita, T. Oshima, Jun Kataoka, M. Arimoto, H. Nitta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    X-ray computed tomography (CT) is widely used in diagnostic imaging. Owing to a strong radiation exposure associated with this method, numerous proposals have been made for reducing the radiation dose. In addition, conventional CT does not provide information on the energy associated with each X-ray photon because intensity is rather high, typically amounts to 107−9cps/mm2. Here, we propose a novel, low-dose photon-counting CT system based on a multi-pixel photon counter (MPPC) and a high-speed scintillator. To demonstrate high signal-to-noise ratio utilizing the internal gain and the fast time response of the MPPC, we compared CT images acquired under the same conditions among a photodiode (PD), an avalanche photodiode and a MPPC. In particular, the images' contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) acquired using the MPPC improved 12.6-fold compared with the images acquired in conventional CT using a PD. We also performed energy-resolved imaging by adopting 4 energy thresholds of 20, 40, 60, and 80 keV. We confirmed a substantial improvement of the imaging contrast as well as a reduction in the beam hardening for the CT images. We conclude that the proposed MPPC-based detector is likely to be a promising device for use in future CT scanners.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)58-65
    Number of pages8
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Volume857
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 11

    Fingerprint

    Tomography
    counting
    counters
    Photons
    tomography
    Pixels
    pixels
    dosage
    photons
    photodiodes
    Photodiodes
    Imaging techniques
    X rays
    Avalanche photodiodes
    time response
    radiation dosage
    image contrast
    hardening
    Phosphors
    avalanches

    Keywords

    • APD
    • Low dose
    • MPPC
    • Photon counting CT

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Instrumentation

    Cite this

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    abstract = "X-ray computed tomography (CT) is widely used in diagnostic imaging. Owing to a strong radiation exposure associated with this method, numerous proposals have been made for reducing the radiation dose. In addition, conventional CT does not provide information on the energy associated with each X-ray photon because intensity is rather high, typically amounts to 107−9cps/mm2. Here, we propose a novel, low-dose photon-counting CT system based on a multi-pixel photon counter (MPPC) and a high-speed scintillator. To demonstrate high signal-to-noise ratio utilizing the internal gain and the fast time response of the MPPC, we compared CT images acquired under the same conditions among a photodiode (PD), an avalanche photodiode and a MPPC. In particular, the images' contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) acquired using the MPPC improved 12.6-fold compared with the images acquired in conventional CT using a PD. We also performed energy-resolved imaging by adopting 4 energy thresholds of 20, 40, 60, and 80 keV. We confirmed a substantial improvement of the imaging contrast as well as a reduction in the beam hardening for the CT images. We conclude that the proposed MPPC-based detector is likely to be a promising device for use in future CT scanners.",
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    AU - Oshima, T.

    AU - Kataoka, Jun

    AU - Arimoto, M.

    AU - Nitta, H.

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