Nuclear interactions of super high energy cosmic-rays observed in mountain emulsion chambers

S. G. Bayburina, A. S. Borisov, K. V. Cherdyntseva, Z. M. Guseva, V. G. Denisova, A. M. Dunaevskii, E. A. Kanevskaya, V. M. Maximenko, S. V. Pashkov, V. S. Puchkov, S. B. Shaulov, S. A. Slavatinsky, M. D. Smirnova, Yu A. Smorodin, A. V. Urysson, N. G. Zelevinskaya, G. B. Zhdanov, L. G. Afanasjeva, L. T. Baradzei, E. I. GorochovaI. P. Ivanenko, N. P. Iljina, G. B. Khristiansen, T. V. Lazareva, A. K. Managadze, E. A. Murzina, I. V. Rakobolskaya, T. M. Roganova, N. G. Ryabova, G. T. Zatsepin, R. A. Mukhamedshin, S. D. Cananov, L. A. Khisanishvili, N. N. Roinishvili, M. S. Svanidge, J. A. Tecliashvili, T. V. Varsimashvili, Z. A. Azimov, I. B. Bodojanov, N. E. Gubar, Yu A. Gulov, F. Normuradov, Kh Shobaronov, N. A. Dobrotin, Yu A. Emeljanov, Yu T. Lukin, B. F. Shorin, E. G. Zaitseva, S. A. Azimov, A. R. Dzhuraev, E. G. Mulladjanov, Kh Nutritdinov, D. A. Talipov, I. Shamansurov, T. S. Juldashbaev, Z. Buja, E. Gladysz, J. Mazurkiewicz, S. Mikocki, M. Szarska, L. Zawiejski, H. Bielawska, R. Juskiewicz, J. L. Kacperski, A. Krys, J. Malinowski, K. Milczarek, J. Sroka, A. Tomaszewski, J. A. Wrotniak, K. Maluszynska, Z. Wlodarczyk, M. Akashi, M. Amenomori, E. Konishi, H. Nanjo, Z. Watanabe, K. Mizutani, K. Kasahara, Shoji Torii, T. Yuda, T. Shirai, N. Tateyama, T. Taira, I. Mito, M. Shibata, H. Sugimoto, K. Taira, N. Hotta, M. Ballester, C. Santos, J. Bellandi Filho, J. A. Chinellato, C. Dobrigkeit, C. M G Lattes, A. Marques, M. J. Menon, C. E. Navia O., K. Sawayanagi, E. Silva, E. H. Shibuya, A. Turtelli, N. M. Amato, F. M. Oliveira Castro, R. H C Maldonado, H. Aoki, Y. Fuyimoto, S. Hasegawa, H. Kumano, H. Semba, T. Tabuki, M. Tamada, K. Tanaka, S. Yamashita, N. Arata, T. Shibata, K. Yokoi, A. Ohsawa

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Abstract

Here we present a summary of joint discussions on the results of three mountain experiments with large-scale emulsion chambers, at Pamir, Mt. Fuji and Chacaltaya. Observations cover gamma quanta, hadrons and their clusters (called "families"). The following topics are covered, concerning the characteristics of nuclear interactions the energy region 1014-1016 eV: (i) rapid dissipation seen in atmospheric diffusion of high-energy cosmic-rays; (ii) multiplicity and Pt increase in produced pi-mesons in the fragmentation region; (iii) existence of large-Pt jets, (iv) extremely hadron-rich family of the Centauro type; (v) exotic phenomena in the extremely high energy region beyond 1016 eV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-25
Number of pages25
JournalNuclear Physics, Section B
Volume191
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1981 Nov 9
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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  • Cite this

    Bayburina, S. G., Borisov, A. S., Cherdyntseva, K. V., Guseva, Z. M., Denisova, V. G., Dunaevskii, A. M., Kanevskaya, E. A., Maximenko, V. M., Pashkov, S. V., Puchkov, V. S., Shaulov, S. B., Slavatinsky, S. A., Smirnova, M. D., Smorodin, Y. A., Urysson, A. V., Zelevinskaya, N. G., Zhdanov, G. B., Afanasjeva, L. G., Baradzei, L. T., ... Ohsawa, A. (1981). Nuclear interactions of super high energy cosmic-rays observed in mountain emulsion chambers. Nuclear Physics, Section B, 191(1), 1-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/0550-3213(81)90283-2