Numerical reproduction of the sen'nichi department store fire and its damage factor analysis based on FSE evacuation safety verification method

Takuya Saito, Yuji Hasemi, Atsuyuki Ida, Koichi Naruse

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The Sen'nichi Department-store fire(1972, 118 victims) is noted for the largest loss of life in a single building fire. This work intends to reproduce numerically the smoke spread and evacuation during the fire, and further applies the numerical simulations to inspect the validities of then-discussed assumptions and speculations for the largeness of the life loss and for the possible improvement of the fire safety. The study suggests any better crisis management could have reduced the number of victims but the failure of the smoke separation through elevator shaft, staircases and ventilation duct was the essential cause for the life loss.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)553-556
    Number of pages4
    JournalAIJ Journal of Technology and Design
    Volume16
    Issue number33
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun

    Fingerprint

    Retail stores
    Factor analysis
    Fires
    Smoke
    Ventilation ducts
    Elevators
    Computer simulation

    Keywords

    • Damage factor analysis
    • Evacuation calculation
    • Sen'nichi department store fire
    • Two-layer zone model

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Building and Construction
    • Architecture

    Cite this

    Numerical reproduction of the sen'nichi department store fire and its damage factor analysis based on FSE evacuation safety verification method. / Saito, Takuya; Hasemi, Yuji; Ida, Atsuyuki; Naruse, Koichi.

    In: AIJ Journal of Technology and Design, Vol. 16, No. 33, 06.2010, p. 553-556.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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