Objective and subjective eating speeds are related to body composition and shape in female college students

Yuka Hamada, Akane Miyaji, Yoko Hayashi, Naoyuki Matsumoto, Masato Nishiwaki, Naoyuki Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eating speed reportedly relates to body composition and shape. Little is known about the relationship between the objectively assessed eating speed and the body composition and shape. This study examined relationships between eating speed as assessed both objectively and subjectively, and body composition and shape. The following variables of body composition and shape were measured in 84 female college students: body mass, relative body fat mass (%Fat), body mass index (BMI), and circumferences of the waist, abdomen and hip. After measuring the body composition and shape, subjects consumed a 174-kcal salmon rice ball. The following chewing variables were measured by observing videotape recordings of the subjects’ faces: number of chews per bite, total number of chews, total meal duration, number of bites, and chewing rate. The subjects were categorized into three groups (fast, moderate and slow) according to their own subjective assessments of the actual eating speed. In objective assessments of the eating speed, the total number of chews and the total meal duration were significantly negatively correlated with the body mass, %Fat, BMI, and circumferences of the waist, abdomen and hip. In subjective eating-speed assessments, the body mass, %Fat, BMI, and circumferences of the waist, abdomen and hip were greater in the fast eating group than in the slow eating group. Both the objectively and subjectively assessed eating speeds are related to the body composition and shape. The present study supports that fast eating may relate to gains in body mass and/or fat mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Eating speed
  • Mastication
  • Meal duration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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