The multiferroic nature of GaFeO3 has been examined by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy in applied magnetic field. The spectra were analyzed as superposition of three subspectra corresponding to Fe3+ ions on Fe1, Fe2, and Ga2 sites. The quadrupole coupling constants e2qQ/2 are about twice of the calculated values, which may be partially due to the spin-orbit interaction. At 4.2 K, e2qQ/2 of Fe1 and Fe2 sites increase noticeably when the magnetic field is applied along the c-axis. This is suggestive of the displacement of Fe ions toward -b direction. On the other hand, the increase of e2qQ/2 is not observed when the magnetic field is applied along the b-axis. These features seem to be related to the toroidal moment. An increase of hyperfine field of Fe1 site is observed when the magnetic field is applied. This may be also related to spin-orbit interaction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)