Observation of polarized hard X-ray emission from the Crab by the PoGOLite Pathfinder

M. Chauvin, H. G. Florén, M. Jackson, T. Kamae, T. Kawano, M. Kiss, M. Kole, V. Mikhalev, E. Moretti, G. Olofsson, S. Rydström, H. Takahashi, A. Iyudin, M. Arimoto, Y. Fukazawa, Jun Kataoka, N. Kawai, T. Mizuno, F. Ryde, H. TajimaT. Takahashi, M. Pearce

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have measured the linear polarization of hard X-ray emission from the Crab in a previously unexplored energy interval, 20-120 keV. The introduction of two new observational parameters, the polarization fraction and angle stands to disentangle geometrical and physical effects, thereby providing information on the pulsar wind geometry and magnetic field environment. Measurements are conducted using the PoGOLite Pathfinder - a balloon-borne polarimeter. Polarization is determined by measuring the azimuthal Compton scattering angle of incident X-rays in an array of plastic scintillators housed in an anticoincidence well. The polarimetric response has been characterized prior to flight using both polarized and unpolarized calibration sources. We address possible systematic effects through observations of a background field. The measured polarization fraction for the integrated Crab light curve is 18.4+9.8 -10.6 per cent, corresponding to an upper limit (99 per cent credibility) of 42.4 per cent, for a polarization angle of (149.2 ± 16.0)°.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)L84-L88
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
    Volume456
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Fingerprint

    crabs
    crab
    polarization
    x rays
    polarimeters
    balloons
    linear polarization
    pulsars
    scintillation counters
    light curve
    plastics
    flight
    intervals
    plastic
    scattering
    magnetic field
    calibration
    geometry
    magnetic fields
    energy

    Keywords

    • Instrumentation: polarimeters
    • Pulsars: individual: the crab pulsar
    • Stars: neutron
    • Techniques: polarimetric

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Observation of polarized hard X-ray emission from the Crab by the PoGOLite Pathfinder. / Chauvin, M.; Florén, H. G.; Jackson, M.; Kamae, T.; Kawano, T.; Kiss, M.; Kole, M.; Mikhalev, V.; Moretti, E.; Olofsson, G.; Rydström, S.; Takahashi, H.; Iyudin, A.; Arimoto, M.; Fukazawa, Y.; Kataoka, Jun; Kawai, N.; Mizuno, T.; Ryde, F.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, T.; Pearce, M.

    In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 456, No. 1, 2016, p. L84-L88.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Chauvin, M, Florén, HG, Jackson, M, Kamae, T, Kawano, T, Kiss, M, Kole, M, Mikhalev, V, Moretti, E, Olofsson, G, Rydström, S, Takahashi, H, Iyudin, A, Arimoto, M, Fukazawa, Y, Kataoka, J, Kawai, N, Mizuno, T, Ryde, F, Tajima, H, Takahashi, T & Pearce, M 2016, 'Observation of polarized hard X-ray emission from the Crab by the PoGOLite Pathfinder', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, vol. 456, no. 1, pp. L84-L88. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnrasl/slv177
    Chauvin, M. ; Florén, H. G. ; Jackson, M. ; Kamae, T. ; Kawano, T. ; Kiss, M. ; Kole, M. ; Mikhalev, V. ; Moretti, E. ; Olofsson, G. ; Rydström, S. ; Takahashi, H. ; Iyudin, A. ; Arimoto, M. ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Kataoka, Jun ; Kawai, N. ; Mizuno, T. ; Ryde, F. ; Tajima, H. ; Takahashi, T. ; Pearce, M. / Observation of polarized hard X-ray emission from the Crab by the PoGOLite Pathfinder. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 456, No. 1. pp. L84-L88.
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    AU - Florén, H. G.

    AU - Jackson, M.

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    AU - Kawano, T.

    AU - Kiss, M.

    AU - Kole, M.

    AU - Mikhalev, V.

    AU - Moretti, E.

    AU - Olofsson, G.

    AU - Rydström, S.

    AU - Takahashi, H.

    AU - Iyudin, A.

    AU - Arimoto, M.

    AU - Fukazawa, Y.

    AU - Kataoka, Jun

    AU - Kawai, N.

    AU - Mizuno, T.

    AU - Ryde, F.

    AU - Tajima, H.

    AU - Takahashi, T.

    AU - Pearce, M.

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    N2 - We have measured the linear polarization of hard X-ray emission from the Crab in a previously unexplored energy interval, 20-120 keV. The introduction of two new observational parameters, the polarization fraction and angle stands to disentangle geometrical and physical effects, thereby providing information on the pulsar wind geometry and magnetic field environment. Measurements are conducted using the PoGOLite Pathfinder - a balloon-borne polarimeter. Polarization is determined by measuring the azimuthal Compton scattering angle of incident X-rays in an array of plastic scintillators housed in an anticoincidence well. The polarimetric response has been characterized prior to flight using both polarized and unpolarized calibration sources. We address possible systematic effects through observations of a background field. The measured polarization fraction for the integrated Crab light curve is 18.4+9.8 -10.6 per cent, corresponding to an upper limit (99 per cent credibility) of 42.4 per cent, for a polarization angle of (149.2 ± 16.0)°.

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