Observation of TeV gamma rays from the fermi bright galactic sources with the tibet air shower array

M. Amenomori, X. J. Bi, D. Chen, S. W. Cui, Danzengluobu, L. K. Ding, X. H. Ding, C. Fan, C. F. Feng, Zhaoyang Feng, Z. Y. Feng, X. Y. Gao, Q. X. Geng, Q. B. Gou, H. W. Guo, H. H. He, M. He, K. Hibino, N. Hotta, Haibing HuH. B. Hu, J. Huang, Q. Huang, H. Y. Jia, L. Jiang, F. Kajino, K. Kasahara, Y. Katayose, C. Kato, K. Kawata, Labaciren, G. M. Le, A. F. Li, H. C. Li, J. Y. Li, C. Liu, Y. Q. Lou, H. Lu, X. R. Meng, K. Mizutani, J. Mu, K. Munakata, H. Nanjo, M. Nishizawa, M. Ohnishi, I. Ohta, Shunsuke Ozawa, T. Saito, T. Y. Saito, M. Sakata, T. K. Sako, M. Shibata, A. Shiomi, T. Shirai, H. Sugimoto, M. Takita, Y. H. Tan, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, H. Tsuchiya, S. Udo, B. Wang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. G. Wang, H. R. Wu, L. Xue, Y. Yamamoto, C. T. Yan, X. C. Yang, S. Yasue, Z. H. Ye, G. C. Yu, A. F. Yuan, T. Yuda, H. M. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, N. J. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Yi Zhang, Ying Zhang, Zhaxisangzhu, And X X Zhou

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Abstract

Using the Tibet-III air shower array, we search for TeV γ-rays from 27 potential Galactic sources in the early list of bright sources obtained by the Fermi Large Area Telescope at energies above 100MeV. Among them, we observe seven sources instead of the expected 0.61 sources at a significance of 2σ or more excess. The chance probability from Poisson statistics would be estimated to be 3.8 × 10-6. If the excess distribution observed by the Tibet-III array has a density gradient toward the Galactic plane, the expected number of sources may be enhanced in chance association. Then, the chance probability rises slightly, to 1.2 × 10-5, based on a simple Monte Carlo simulation. These low chance probabilities clearly show that the Fermi bright Galactic sources have statistically significant correlations with TeV γ-ray excesses. We also find that all seven sources are associated with pulsars, and six of them are coincident with sources detected by the Milagro experiment at a significance of 3σ or more at the representative energy of 35 TeV. The significance maps observed by the Tibet-III air shower array around the Fermi sources, which are coincident with the Milagro ≥3σ sources, are consistent with the Milagro observations. This is the first result of the northern sky survey of the Fermi bright Galactic sources in the TeV region.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume709
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Keywords

  • Gamma rays: general
  • ISM: supernova remnants
  • Pulsars: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Amenomori, M., Bi, X. J., Chen, D., Cui, S. W., Danzengluobu, Ding, L. K., Ding, X. H., Fan, C., Feng, C. F., Feng, Z., Feng, Z. Y., Gao, X. Y., Geng, Q. X., Gou, Q. B., Guo, H. W., He, H. H., He, M., Hibino, K., Hotta, N., ... Zhou, A. X. X. (2010). Observation of TeV gamma rays from the fermi bright galactic sources with the tibet air shower array. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 709(1 PART 2). https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/709/1/L6