Observation results by the TAMA300 detector on gravitational wave bursts from stellar-core collapses

Masaki Ando, Koji Arai, Youichi Aso, Peter Beyersdorf, Kazuhiro Hayama, Yukiyoshi Iida, Nobuyuki Kanda, Seiji Kawamura, Kazuhiro Kondo, Norikatsu Mio, Shinji Miyoki, Shigenori Moriwaki, Shigeo Nagano, Kenji Numata, Shuichi Sato, Kentaro Somiya, Hideyuki Tagoshi, Hirotaka Takahashi, Ryutaro Takahashi, Daisuke TatsumiYoshiki Tsunesada, Zong Hong Zhu, Tomomi Akutsu, Tomotada Akutsu, Akito Araya, Hideki Asada, Mark A. Barton, Youhei Fujiki, Masa Katsu Fujimoto, Ryuichi Fujita, Mitsuhiro Fukushima, Toshifumi Futamase, Yusaku Hamuro, Tomiyoshi Haruyama, Hideaki Hayakawa, Gerhard Heinzel, Gen'ichi Horikoshi, Hideo Iguchi, Kunihito Ioka, Hideki Ishitsuka, Norihiko Kamikubota, Takaharu Kaneyama, Yoshikazu Karasawa, Kunihiko Kasahara, Taketoshi Kasai, Mayu Katsuki, Keita Kawabe, Mari Kawamura, Nobuki Kawashima, Fumiko Kawazoe, Yasufumi Kojima, Keiko Kokeyama, Yoshihide Kozai, Hideaki Kudoh, Kazuaki Kuroda, Takashi Kuwabara, Namio Matsuda, Kazuyuki Miura, Osamu Miyakawa, Shoken Miyama, Hiromi Mizusawa, Mitsuru Musha, Yoshitaka Nagayama, Ken'ichi Nakagawa, Takashi Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakano, Ken Ichi Nakao, Yuhiko Nishi, Yujiro Ogawa, Masatake Ohashi, Naoko Ohishi, Akira Okutomi, Ken Ichi Oohara, Shigemi Otsuka, Yoshio Saito, Shihori Sakata, Misao Sasaki, Kouichi Sato, Nobuaki Sato, Youhei Sato, Hidetsugu Seki, Aya Sekido, Naoki Seto, Masaru Shibata, Hisaaki Shinkai, Takakazu Shintomi, Kenji Soida, Toshikazu Suzuki, Akiteru Takamori, Shuzo Takemoto, Kohei Takeno, Takahiro Tanaka, Keisuke Taniguchi, Shinsuke Taniguchi, Toru Tanji, C. T. Taylor, Souichi Telada, Kuniharu Tochikubo, Masao Tokunari, Takayuki Tomaru, Kimio Tsubono, Nobuhiro Tsuda, Takashi Uchiyama, Akitoshi Ueda, Ken Ichi Ueda, Fumihiko Usui, Koichi Waseda, Yuko Watanabe, Hiromi Yakura, Akira Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Toshitaka Yamazaki, Yuriko Yanagi, Tatsuo Yoda, Jun'ichi Yokoyama, Tatsuru Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present data-analysis schemes and results of observations with the TAMA300 gravitational wave detector, targeting burst signals from stellar-core collapse events. In analyses for burst gravitational waves, the detection and fake-reduction schemes are different from well-investigated ones for a chirp wave analysis, because precise waveform templates are not available. We used an excess -power filter for the extraction of gravitational wave candidates, and developed two methods for the reduction of fake events caused by nonstationary noises of the detector. These analysis schemes were applied to real data from the TAMA300 interferometric gravitational wave detector. As a result, fake events were reduced by a factor of about 1000 in the best cases. In addition, in order to interpret the event candidates from an astronomical viewpoint, we performed a Monte-Carlo simulation with an assumed Galactic event distribution model and with burst waveforms obtained from numerical simulations of stellar-core collapses. We set an upper limit of 5.0 × 103 events/sec on the burst gravitational wave event rate in our Galaxy with a confidence level of 90%. This work shows prospects on the search for burst gravitational waves, by establishing an analysis scheme for the observation data from an interferometric gravitational wave detector.

Original languageEnglish
Article number082002
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume71
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr 15
Externally publishedYes

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stellar cores
gravitational waves
bursts
detectors
waveforms
chirp
confidence
templates
simulation
galaxies
filters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Observation results by the TAMA300 detector on gravitational wave bursts from stellar-core collapses. / Ando, Masaki; Arai, Koji; Aso, Youichi; Beyersdorf, Peter; Hayama, Kazuhiro; Iida, Yukiyoshi; Kanda, Nobuyuki; Kawamura, Seiji; Kondo, Kazuhiro; Mio, Norikatsu; Miyoki, Shinji; Moriwaki, Shigenori; Nagano, Shigeo; Numata, Kenji; Sato, Shuichi; Somiya, Kentaro; Tagoshi, Hideyuki; Takahashi, Hirotaka; Takahashi, Ryutaro; Tatsumi, Daisuke; Tsunesada, Yoshiki; Zhu, Zong Hong; Akutsu, Tomomi; Akutsu, Tomotada; Araya, Akito; Asada, Hideki; Barton, Mark A.; Fujiki, Youhei; Fujimoto, Masa Katsu; Fujita, Ryuichi; Fukushima, Mitsuhiro; Futamase, Toshifumi; Hamuro, Yusaku; Haruyama, Tomiyoshi; Hayakawa, Hideaki; Heinzel, Gerhard; Horikoshi, Gen'ichi; Iguchi, Hideo; Ioka, Kunihito; Ishitsuka, Hideki; Kamikubota, Norihiko; Kaneyama, Takaharu; Karasawa, Yoshikazu; Kasahara, Kunihiko; Kasai, Taketoshi; Katsuki, Mayu; Kawabe, Keita; Kawamura, Mari; Kawashima, Nobuki; Kawazoe, Fumiko; Kojima, Yasufumi; Kokeyama, Keiko; Kozai, Yoshihide; Kudoh, Hideaki; Kuroda, Kazuaki; Kuwabara, Takashi; Matsuda, Namio; Miura, Kazuyuki; Miyakawa, Osamu; Miyama, Shoken; Mizusawa, Hiromi; Musha, Mitsuru; Nagayama, Yoshitaka; Nakagawa, Ken'ichi; Nakamura, Takashi; Nakano, Hiroyuki; Nakao, Ken Ichi; Nishi, Yuhiko; Ogawa, Yujiro; Ohashi, Masatake; Ohishi, Naoko; Okutomi, Akira; Oohara, Ken Ichi; Otsuka, Shigemi; Saito, Yoshio; Sakata, Shihori; Sasaki, Misao; Sato, Kouichi; Sato, Nobuaki; Sato, Youhei; Seki, Hidetsugu; Sekido, Aya; Seto, Naoki; Shibata, Masaru; Shinkai, Hisaaki; Shintomi, Takakazu; Soida, Kenji; Suzuki, Toshikazu; Takamori, Akiteru; Takemoto, Shuzo; Takeno, Kohei; Tanaka, Takahiro; Taniguchi, Keisuke; Taniguchi, Shinsuke; Tanji, Toru; Taylor, C. T.; Telada, Souichi; Tochikubo, Kuniharu; Tokunari, Masao; Tomaru, Takayuki; Tsubono, Kimio; Tsuda, Nobuhiro; Uchiyama, Takashi; Ueda, Akitoshi; Ueda, Ken Ichi; Usui, Fumihiko; Waseda, Koichi; Watanabe, Yuko; Yakura, Hiromi; Yamamoto, Akira; Yamamoto, Kazuhiro; Yamazaki, Toshitaka; Yanagi, Yuriko; Yoda, Tatsuo; Yokoyama, Jun'ichi; Yoshida, Tatsuru.

In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 71, No. 8, 082002, 15.04.2005, p. 1-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ando, M, Arai, K, Aso, Y, Beyersdorf, P, Hayama, K, Iida, Y, Kanda, N, Kawamura, S, Kondo, K, Mio, N, Miyoki, S, Moriwaki, S, Nagano, S, Numata, K, Sato, S, Somiya, K, Tagoshi, H, Takahashi, H, Takahashi, R, Tatsumi, D, Tsunesada, Y, Zhu, ZH, Akutsu, T, Akutsu, T, Araya, A, Asada, H, Barton, MA, Fujiki, Y, Fujimoto, MK, Fujita, R, Fukushima, M, Futamase, T, Hamuro, Y, Haruyama, T, Hayakawa, H, Heinzel, G, Horikoshi, G, Iguchi, H, Ioka, K, Ishitsuka, H, Kamikubota, N, Kaneyama, T, Karasawa, Y, Kasahara, K, Kasai, T, Katsuki, M, Kawabe, K, Kawamura, M, Kawashima, N, Kawazoe, F, Kojima, Y, Kokeyama, K, Kozai, Y, Kudoh, H, Kuroda, K, Kuwabara, T, Matsuda, N, Miura, K, Miyakawa, O, Miyama, S, Mizusawa, H, Musha, M, Nagayama, Y, Nakagawa, K, Nakamura, T, Nakano, H, Nakao, KI, Nishi, Y, Ogawa, Y, Ohashi, M, Ohishi, N, Okutomi, A, Oohara, KI, Otsuka, S, Saito, Y, Sakata, S, Sasaki, M, Sato, K, Sato, N, Sato, Y, Seki, H, Sekido, A, Seto, N, Shibata, M, Shinkai, H, Shintomi, T, Soida, K, Suzuki, T, Takamori, A, Takemoto, S, Takeno, K, Tanaka, T, Taniguchi, K, Taniguchi, S, Tanji, T, Taylor, CT, Telada, S, Tochikubo, K, Tokunari, M, Tomaru, T, Tsubono, K, Tsuda, N, Uchiyama, T, Ueda, A, Ueda, KI, Usui, F, Waseda, K, Watanabe, Y, Yakura, H, Yamamoto, A, Yamamoto, K, Yamazaki, T, Yanagi, Y, Yoda, T, Yokoyama, J & Yoshida, T 2005, 'Observation results by the TAMA300 detector on gravitational wave bursts from stellar-core collapses', Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, vol. 71, no. 8, 082002, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.71.082002
Ando, Masaki ; Arai, Koji ; Aso, Youichi ; Beyersdorf, Peter ; Hayama, Kazuhiro ; Iida, Yukiyoshi ; Kanda, Nobuyuki ; Kawamura, Seiji ; Kondo, Kazuhiro ; Mio, Norikatsu ; Miyoki, Shinji ; Moriwaki, Shigenori ; Nagano, Shigeo ; Numata, Kenji ; Sato, Shuichi ; Somiya, Kentaro ; Tagoshi, Hideyuki ; Takahashi, Hirotaka ; Takahashi, Ryutaro ; Tatsumi, Daisuke ; Tsunesada, Yoshiki ; Zhu, Zong Hong ; Akutsu, Tomomi ; Akutsu, Tomotada ; Araya, Akito ; Asada, Hideki ; Barton, Mark A. ; Fujiki, Youhei ; Fujimoto, Masa Katsu ; Fujita, Ryuichi ; Fukushima, Mitsuhiro ; Futamase, Toshifumi ; Hamuro, Yusaku ; Haruyama, Tomiyoshi ; Hayakawa, Hideaki ; Heinzel, Gerhard ; Horikoshi, Gen'ichi ; Iguchi, Hideo ; Ioka, Kunihito ; Ishitsuka, Hideki ; Kamikubota, Norihiko ; Kaneyama, Takaharu ; Karasawa, Yoshikazu ; Kasahara, Kunihiko ; Kasai, Taketoshi ; Katsuki, Mayu ; Kawabe, Keita ; Kawamura, Mari ; Kawashima, Nobuki ; Kawazoe, Fumiko ; Kojima, Yasufumi ; Kokeyama, Keiko ; Kozai, Yoshihide ; Kudoh, Hideaki ; Kuroda, Kazuaki ; Kuwabara, Takashi ; Matsuda, Namio ; Miura, Kazuyuki ; Miyakawa, Osamu ; Miyama, Shoken ; Mizusawa, Hiromi ; Musha, Mitsuru ; Nagayama, Yoshitaka ; Nakagawa, Ken'ichi ; Nakamura, Takashi ; Nakano, Hiroyuki ; Nakao, Ken Ichi ; Nishi, Yuhiko ; Ogawa, Yujiro ; Ohashi, Masatake ; Ohishi, Naoko ; Okutomi, Akira ; Oohara, Ken Ichi ; Otsuka, Shigemi ; Saito, Yoshio ; Sakata, Shihori ; Sasaki, Misao ; Sato, Kouichi ; Sato, Nobuaki ; Sato, Youhei ; Seki, Hidetsugu ; Sekido, Aya ; Seto, Naoki ; Shibata, Masaru ; Shinkai, Hisaaki ; Shintomi, Takakazu ; Soida, Kenji ; Suzuki, Toshikazu ; Takamori, Akiteru ; Takemoto, Shuzo ; Takeno, Kohei ; Tanaka, Takahiro ; Taniguchi, Keisuke ; Taniguchi, Shinsuke ; Tanji, Toru ; Taylor, C. T. ; Telada, Souichi ; Tochikubo, Kuniharu ; Tokunari, Masao ; Tomaru, Takayuki ; Tsubono, Kimio ; Tsuda, Nobuhiro ; Uchiyama, Takashi ; Ueda, Akitoshi ; Ueda, Ken Ichi ; Usui, Fumihiko ; Waseda, Koichi ; Watanabe, Yuko ; Yakura, Hiromi ; Yamamoto, Akira ; Yamamoto, Kazuhiro ; Yamazaki, Toshitaka ; Yanagi, Yuriko ; Yoda, Tatsuo ; Yokoyama, Jun'ichi ; Yoshida, Tatsuru. / Observation results by the TAMA300 detector on gravitational wave bursts from stellar-core collapses. In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology. 2005 ; Vol. 71, No. 8. pp. 1-17.
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AU - Hayama, Kazuhiro

AU - Iida, Yukiyoshi

AU - Kanda, Nobuyuki

AU - Kawamura, Seiji

AU - Kondo, Kazuhiro

AU - Mio, Norikatsu

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AU - Moriwaki, Shigenori

AU - Nagano, Shigeo

AU - Numata, Kenji

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AU - Tagoshi, Hideyuki

AU - Takahashi, Hirotaka

AU - Takahashi, Ryutaro

AU - Tatsumi, Daisuke

AU - Tsunesada, Yoshiki

AU - Zhu, Zong Hong

AU - Akutsu, Tomomi

AU - Akutsu, Tomotada

AU - Araya, Akito

AU - Asada, Hideki

AU - Barton, Mark A.

AU - Fujiki, Youhei

AU - Fujimoto, Masa Katsu

AU - Fujita, Ryuichi

AU - Fukushima, Mitsuhiro

AU - Futamase, Toshifumi

AU - Hamuro, Yusaku

AU - Haruyama, Tomiyoshi

AU - Hayakawa, Hideaki

AU - Heinzel, Gerhard

AU - Horikoshi, Gen'ichi

AU - Iguchi, Hideo

AU - Ioka, Kunihito

AU - Ishitsuka, Hideki

AU - Kamikubota, Norihiko

AU - Kaneyama, Takaharu

AU - Karasawa, Yoshikazu

AU - Kasahara, Kunihiko

AU - Kasai, Taketoshi

AU - Katsuki, Mayu

AU - Kawabe, Keita

AU - Kawamura, Mari

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AU - Kozai, Yoshihide

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AU - Tsubono, Kimio

AU - Tsuda, Nobuhiro

AU - Uchiyama, Takashi

AU - Ueda, Akitoshi

AU - Ueda, Ken Ichi

AU - Usui, Fumihiko

AU - Waseda, Koichi

AU - Watanabe, Yuko

AU - Yakura, Hiromi

AU - Yamamoto, Akira

AU - Yamamoto, Kazuhiro

AU - Yamazaki, Toshitaka

AU - Yanagi, Yuriko

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N2 - We present data-analysis schemes and results of observations with the TAMA300 gravitational wave detector, targeting burst signals from stellar-core collapse events. In analyses for burst gravitational waves, the detection and fake-reduction schemes are different from well-investigated ones for a chirp wave analysis, because precise waveform templates are not available. We used an excess -power filter for the extraction of gravitational wave candidates, and developed two methods for the reduction of fake events caused by nonstationary noises of the detector. These analysis schemes were applied to real data from the TAMA300 interferometric gravitational wave detector. As a result, fake events were reduced by a factor of about 1000 in the best cases. In addition, in order to interpret the event candidates from an astronomical viewpoint, we performed a Monte-Carlo simulation with an assumed Galactic event distribution model and with burst waveforms obtained from numerical simulations of stellar-core collapses. We set an upper limit of 5.0 × 103 events/sec on the burst gravitational wave event rate in our Galaxy with a confidence level of 90%. This work shows prospects on the search for burst gravitational waves, by establishing an analysis scheme for the observation data from an interferometric gravitational wave detector.

AB - We present data-analysis schemes and results of observations with the TAMA300 gravitational wave detector, targeting burst signals from stellar-core collapse events. In analyses for burst gravitational waves, the detection and fake-reduction schemes are different from well-investigated ones for a chirp wave analysis, because precise waveform templates are not available. We used an excess -power filter for the extraction of gravitational wave candidates, and developed two methods for the reduction of fake events caused by nonstationary noises of the detector. These analysis schemes were applied to real data from the TAMA300 interferometric gravitational wave detector. As a result, fake events were reduced by a factor of about 1000 in the best cases. In addition, in order to interpret the event candidates from an astronomical viewpoint, we performed a Monte-Carlo simulation with an assumed Galactic event distribution model and with burst waveforms obtained from numerical simulations of stellar-core collapses. We set an upper limit of 5.0 × 103 events/sec on the burst gravitational wave event rate in our Galaxy with a confidence level of 90%. This work shows prospects on the search for burst gravitational waves, by establishing an analysis scheme for the observation data from an interferometric gravitational wave detector.

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