Oligomeric A2 + B3 synthesis of highly branched polysulfone ionomers: novel candidates for ionic polymer transducers

Andrew J. Duncan, John M. Layman, Matthew P. Cashion, Donald J. Leo, Timothy Edward Long*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Highly branched poly(arylene ether sulfone)s with systematically varied degrees of branching andsulfonationwere synthesized through oligomeric A2 + B3 methods for application as ionic polymer transducer (IPT) membranes. IPTs area class of electroactive polymer devices that leverage ionomeric membranes to perform electromechanical transduction as actuators and/or sensors. Synthesis of controlled molecular weight A2 oligomeric polysulfones targeted the global degree of branching (DBglobal) to approximately 1-3% in the absence of gelation. Size exclusion chromatography confirmed molecular weights greater than 20 000 g mol-1 were achieved for linear and branched polysulfones. Increased degree of sulfonation of the A2 oligomers reduced the development of molecular weight in the oligomeric A2 + B3 branching reaction; the formation of tough, flexible, ion-conducting membranes is required for emerging transducer applications. Variation in the DBglobal attained did not affect the thermal transitions or elastic modulus as significantly as changes in the degree of sulfonation. However, an ionic dissociation temperature was detected below the glass transition temperature of the polysulfone matrix and was relatively independent of the degree of sulfonation. Successful synthesis and characterization of these well-defined branched polysulfone ionomers provide a basis for future investigation of polymer topology effects on IPT performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Degree of branching
  • Hyperbranched
  • Ionic polymer transducer
  • Ionomer
  • Oligomeric A + B polymerization
  • Polysulfone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics


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