On decay properties of solutions to the Stokes equations with surface tension and gravity in the half space

Hirokazu Saito, Yoshihiro Shibata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we proved decay properties of solutions to the Stokes equations with surface tension and gravity in the half space R+N = {(x′, xN) | x′ ∈ RN-1, xN > 0} (N ≥ 2). In order to prove the decay properties, we first show that the zero points λ± of Lopatinskii determinant for some resolvent problem associated with the Stokes equations have the asymptotics: λ± = ±icg1/2|ζ′|1/2-2|ζ′|2+O(|ζ′|5/2) as |ζ′| → 0, where cg > 0 is the gravitational acceleration and ζ′ ∈ RN-1 is the tangential variable in the Fourier space. We next shift the integral path in the representation formula of the Stokes semi-group to the complex left half-plane by Cauchy's integral theorem, and then it is decomposed into closed curves enclosing λ± and the remainder part. We finally see, by the residue theorem, that the low frequency part of the solution to the Stokes equations behaves like the convolution of the (N - 1)-dimensional heat kernel and Fζ′-1[e±icg1/2|ζ′|1/2t](x′) formally, where Fζ′-1 is the inverse Fourier transform with respect to ζ′. However, main task in our approach is to show that the remainder part in the above decomposition decay faster than the residue part.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1559-1614
Number of pages56
JournalJournal of the Mathematical Society of Japan
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Decay properties
  • Gravity
  • Half-space problem
  • Stokes equations
  • Surface tension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)

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