### Abstract

In modeling various signals such as the speech signal by using the Hidden Markov Model (HMM), it is often required to adapt not only to the inherent nonstationarity of the signal, but to changes of sources (speakers) who yield the signal. The well known Baum-Welch algorithm tries to adjust HMM so as to optimize the fit between the model and the signal observed. In this paper we develop an algorithm, which we call the on-line Baum-Welch algorithm, by incorporating the learning rate into the off-line Baum-Welch algorithm. The algorithm performs in a series of trials. In each trial the algorithm somehow produces an HMM Mt, then receives a symbol sequence w_{t}, incurring loss -ln Pr(w_{t}|M_{t}) which is the negative log-likelihood of the HMM M_{t} evaluated at w_{t}. The performance of the algorithm is measured by the additional total loss, which is called the regret, of the algorithm over the total loss of a standard algorithm, where the standard algorithm is taken to be a criterion for measuring the relative loss. We take the off-line Baum-Welch algorithm as such a standard algorithm. To evaluate the performance of an algorithm, we take the Gradient Descent algorithm. Our experiments show that the on-line Baum-Welch algorithm performs well as compared to the Gradient Descent algorithm. We carry out the experiments not only for artificial data, but for some reasonably realistic data which is made by transforming acoustic waveforms to symbol sequences through the vector quantization method. The results show that the on-line Baum-Welch algorithm adapts the change of speakers very well.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Discovery Science - 3rd International Conference, DS 2000, Proceedings |

Publisher | Springer Verlag |

Pages | 155-169 |

Number of pages | 15 |

Volume | 1967 |

ISBN (Print) | 9783540413523 |

Publication status | Published - 2000 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 3rd International Conference on Discovery Science, DS 2000 - Kyoto, Japan Duration: 2000 Dec 4 → 2000 Dec 6 |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) |
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Volume | 1967 |

ISSN (Print) | 03029743 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 16113349 |

### Other

Other | 3rd International Conference on Discovery Science, DS 2000 |
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Country | Japan |

City | Kyoto |

Period | 00/12/4 → 00/12/6 |

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computer Science(all)
- Theoretical Computer Science

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## Cite this

*Discovery Science - 3rd International Conference, DS 2000, Proceedings*(Vol. 1967, pp. 155-169). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 1967). Springer Verlag.