On proximity of 4/7 solid phase of 3He adsorbed on graphite-origin of specific-heat anomalies in hole-doped density-ordered solid-

Shinji Watanabe, Masatoshi Imada

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We theoretically study the stability of the solidified second-layer 3He at 4/7 of the first-layer density adsorbed on graphite, which exhibits quantum spin liquid. We construct a lattice model for the secondlayer 3He by taking account of density fluctuations on the third layer together by employing the refined configuration recently found by path integral Monte Carlo simulations. When holes are doped into the 4/7 solid, within the mean-field approximation, the density-ordered fluid emerges. The evolution of hole pockets offers a unified explanation for the measured doping and temperature dependences of specificheat anomalies. We argue that differentiation in momentum space is a key to understanding the physics and accounts for multiscale thermodynamic anomalies in the mono- and double-layered 3He systems beyond the mean-field level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033603
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 1



  • 4/7 phase
  • Density-ordered fluid
  • He
  • Hole pocket
  • Quantum spin liquid
  • Zero point vacancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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