On studying relationship between altruism and the psychological phenomenon of self-deception in rational and autonomous networks

Yufeng Wang, Athanasios V. Vasilakos, Qun Jin, Jianhua Ma

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In open networking environments, resources, services, strategies and actions are voluntarily provided, maintained, chosen and determined by independent, rational and autonomous peers. Basically, Game theory is a basic tool for modeling choices by rational agents in those environments, which, usually assumes players choose strategies which maximize utility of game outcomes given their beliefs about what others players will do. This means that the most challenging question is often how beliefs are formed. Intuitively, beliefs depend not only on what people know to be true, but also on what they want to be true (desire). This paper introduces a model of rational choices that allows for this possibility that peers' beliefs are affected by their interests (desires), and, based on this model, analyzes the impact of psychological belief (optimistic bias and pessimistic bias) on the existing altruism-based cooperative mechanisms in Peer-to-Peer (P2P) systems. We found that, when there exist free riders, on the contrary to the intuitive thought, pessimistic bias of belief on contribution level can facilitate the P2P systems to converge to the stable equilibrium in easier way than optimistic bias.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings - 32nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2012
    Pages336-341
    Number of pages6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    Event32nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2012 - Macau
    Duration: 2012 Jun 182012 Jun 21

    Other

    Other32nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2012
    CityMacau
    Period12/6/1812/6/21

    Fingerprint

    Game theory

    Keywords

    • Altruism
    • autonomous networks
    • Belief
    • incentive mechanisms

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Computer Networks and Communications
    • Control and Systems Engineering

    Cite this

    Wang, Y., Vasilakos, A. V., Jin, Q., & Ma, J. (2012). On studying relationship between altruism and the psychological phenomenon of self-deception in rational and autonomous networks. In Proceedings - 32nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2012 (pp. 336-341). [6258177] https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDCSW.2012.32

    On studying relationship between altruism and the psychological phenomenon of self-deception in rational and autonomous networks. / Wang, Yufeng; Vasilakos, Athanasios V.; Jin, Qun; Ma, Jianhua.

    Proceedings - 32nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2012. 2012. p. 336-341 6258177.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Wang, Y, Vasilakos, AV, Jin, Q & Ma, J 2012, On studying relationship between altruism and the psychological phenomenon of self-deception in rational and autonomous networks. in Proceedings - 32nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2012., 6258177, pp. 336-341, 32nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2012, Macau, 12/6/18. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDCSW.2012.32
    Wang Y, Vasilakos AV, Jin Q, Ma J. On studying relationship between altruism and the psychological phenomenon of self-deception in rational and autonomous networks. In Proceedings - 32nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2012. 2012. p. 336-341. 6258177 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDCSW.2012.32
    Wang, Yufeng ; Vasilakos, Athanasios V. ; Jin, Qun ; Ma, Jianhua. / On studying relationship between altruism and the psychological phenomenon of self-deception in rational and autonomous networks. Proceedings - 32nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2012. 2012. pp. 336-341
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