On the formation and electropolymerization of a star copolymer with peripheral carbazoles

Peng Fei Cao, Mary Jane Felipe, Rigoberto C. Advincula*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Utilizing a hyperbranched cored ring-opening polymerization of caprolactone, carbazole peripheral groups are extended to afford electropolymerizable star-like copolymers. Different arm lengths are obtained on the basis of different degrees of polymerization from the polyethyleneimine core. This is confirmed by NMR and Fourier transform IR (FTIR) spectroscopy, size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), and quantitative spectral characterization. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging shows two distinct particle aggregation characteristics, before and after functionalization with carbazole groups. Cyclic voltammetry verifies the electrochemical cross-linking properties. The results indicate that the conformational freedom of the electroactive peripheral functional groups can be controlled. Moreover, an interesting "loop effect" together with solid-state polymerization is observed. Star copolymers have unique structural features closest to fixed micelles. On the other hand, they can also be considered to be an extension of dendrimers in terms of peripheral-group functionality. This concept is demonstrated in functionalizing electropolymerizable carbazole functional groups in star copolymers of polycaprolactone with a polyethyleneimine (PEI) dendrimer core. In essence, these are hybrid architectures that demonstrate the particle nature of polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-394
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb 12
Externally publishedYes


  • conformational freedom
  • functionalization
  • polymeric films
  • ring-opening polymerization
  • steric limitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'On the formation and electropolymerization of a star copolymer with peripheral carbazoles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this