On the oxidation behavior of titanium within coated nickel-based superalloys

R. J. Bennett*, R. Krakow, A. S. Eggeman, C. N. Jones, H. Murakami, C. M.F. Rae

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Rutile precipitation within alumina scales grown on coated nickel-based superalloy CMSX-4 has been found to occur preferentially at grain boundaries within the scale. Misorientation analysis using Rodrigues-Frank space has revealed clustering of the misorientation between neighboring grains of corundum and rutile about the established 0 0 0 1c{1 1 2¯ 0}c//0 1 0r{1 0 1}r orientation relationship observed in Ti-containing sapphire crystals. The fraction of interfaces found to exist in this configuration is sufficient to explain the nucleation of rutile from a single corundum grain abutting the rutile grain. The diffusive behavior of Ti has been observed to vary considerably within three commercially used coatings, a plain aluminide coating, a plat-aluminide coating and a diffused platinum coating. Titanium diffusion is enhanced by the presence of Pt. However this did not lead to the precipitation of more rutile, which although observed in all three coatings, was present in sufficient quantity to be detected using XRD only within the plain aluminide coated samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-289
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Coating
  • EBSD
  • Nickel-based superalloy
  • Oxidation
  • Thermal barrier coatings (TBC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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