Operation control of biomass gas engine with the real time analysis of in-cylinder gas pressure

Yudai Yamasaki, Go Tomatsu, Yuki Nagata, Shigehiko Kaneko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass resource draws more and more attentions as an alternative fuel for energy crisis and atmospheric environment protection. The small size gas engine in a distributed power generation system is an efficient system to use it because biomass resource is stored in large area and its energy density is low. However, calorie of gas fuel converted from biomass is low, and gas composition is affected by resource, gasification method, furthermore, gasifying condition changes its composition momentarily during engine operation. So, gas engine needs to be operated stably and with high thermal efficiency under these fuel fluctuations. This study aims to develop a small size gas engine system with biomass gas by modifying the control system of a conventional spark ignition engine. The engine control system for biomass gas was developed, which could analyze fuel component in real time by measuring in-cylinder gas pressure. With this control system, automatic engine operation was succeeded to be operated stably under different fuel composition percentage changing from methane to the simulated biomass gas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1246-1252
Number of pages7
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
Volume74
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gas cylinders
Gas engines
Biomass
Engines
Gases
Control systems
Chemical analysis
Alternative fuels
Gas fuels
Distributed power generation
Internal combustion engines
Gasification
Methane

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Controller
  • Gas fuel
  • Measurement
  • Thermometer and internal combustion engine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Operation control of biomass gas engine with the real time analysis of in-cylinder gas pressure. / Yamasaki, Yudai; Tomatsu, Go; Nagata, Yuki; Kaneko, Shigehiko.

In: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C, Vol. 74, No. 5, 01.05.2008, p. 1246-1252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{90c8abb8fa024309a4b7e0f56e9d4617,
title = "Operation control of biomass gas engine with the real time analysis of in-cylinder gas pressure",
abstract = "Biomass resource draws more and more attentions as an alternative fuel for energy crisis and atmospheric environment protection. The small size gas engine in a distributed power generation system is an efficient system to use it because biomass resource is stored in large area and its energy density is low. However, calorie of gas fuel converted from biomass is low, and gas composition is affected by resource, gasification method, furthermore, gasifying condition changes its composition momentarily during engine operation. So, gas engine needs to be operated stably and with high thermal efficiency under these fuel fluctuations. This study aims to develop a small size gas engine system with biomass gas by modifying the control system of a conventional spark ignition engine. The engine control system for biomass gas was developed, which could analyze fuel component in real time by measuring in-cylinder gas pressure. With this control system, automatic engine operation was succeeded to be operated stably under different fuel composition percentage changing from methane to the simulated biomass gas.",
keywords = "Biomass, Controller, Gas fuel, Measurement, Thermometer and internal combustion engine",
author = "Yudai Yamasaki and Go Tomatsu and Yuki Nagata and Shigehiko Kaneko",
year = "2008",
month = "5",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "1246--1252",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C",
issn = "0387-5024",
publisher = "Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Operation control of biomass gas engine with the real time analysis of in-cylinder gas pressure

AU - Yamasaki, Yudai

AU - Tomatsu, Go

AU - Nagata, Yuki

AU - Kaneko, Shigehiko

PY - 2008/5/1

Y1 - 2008/5/1

N2 - Biomass resource draws more and more attentions as an alternative fuel for energy crisis and atmospheric environment protection. The small size gas engine in a distributed power generation system is an efficient system to use it because biomass resource is stored in large area and its energy density is low. However, calorie of gas fuel converted from biomass is low, and gas composition is affected by resource, gasification method, furthermore, gasifying condition changes its composition momentarily during engine operation. So, gas engine needs to be operated stably and with high thermal efficiency under these fuel fluctuations. This study aims to develop a small size gas engine system with biomass gas by modifying the control system of a conventional spark ignition engine. The engine control system for biomass gas was developed, which could analyze fuel component in real time by measuring in-cylinder gas pressure. With this control system, automatic engine operation was succeeded to be operated stably under different fuel composition percentage changing from methane to the simulated biomass gas.

AB - Biomass resource draws more and more attentions as an alternative fuel for energy crisis and atmospheric environment protection. The small size gas engine in a distributed power generation system is an efficient system to use it because biomass resource is stored in large area and its energy density is low. However, calorie of gas fuel converted from biomass is low, and gas composition is affected by resource, gasification method, furthermore, gasifying condition changes its composition momentarily during engine operation. So, gas engine needs to be operated stably and with high thermal efficiency under these fuel fluctuations. This study aims to develop a small size gas engine system with biomass gas by modifying the control system of a conventional spark ignition engine. The engine control system for biomass gas was developed, which could analyze fuel component in real time by measuring in-cylinder gas pressure. With this control system, automatic engine operation was succeeded to be operated stably under different fuel composition percentage changing from methane to the simulated biomass gas.

KW - Biomass

KW - Controller

KW - Gas fuel

KW - Measurement

KW - Thermometer and internal combustion engine

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=49149119087&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=49149119087&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 74

SP - 1246

EP - 1252

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C

SN - 0387-5024

IS - 5

ER -