Optical, structural and morphological properties of ternary thin film blend of P3HT:PCBM:ZnO nanoparticles

Ayi Bahtiar, Siti Halimah Tusaddiah, Wendy Paramandhita S. Mustikasari, Lusi Safriani, Mariah Kartawidjaja, Kei Kanazawa, Ippei Enokida, Yukio Furukawa, Isao Watanabe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Ternary blend film of conjugated polymer, fullerene and inorganic nanoparticles has intensively studied as active material for high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of hybrid solar cells. The mixing of two electron acceptor materials consisting of organic fullerene and inorganic nanoparticles with electron donor conjugated polymer is strongly believed can improve the PCE of solar cells. This ternary blend will increase exciton dissociation efficiency due to the increase of interface area between donor and acceptor materials where exciton dissociation takes place. We have studied optical, structural and morphological properties of ternary thin films containing blend of conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene (P3HT):fullerene derivative PCBM:Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) by measuring their optical absorption, crystal structure and thin film surface morphology. The aim of this research is to ensure that the P3HT, PCBM and ZnO-NP are well mixed both in solutions and in thin films. The ZnO-NP was prepared by using sol-gel method. The average particle size of ZnO-NP is 40 nm as derived from UV-Vis spectrum and confirmed with TEM image. Thin blend films were prepared by using spin-coating method. The UV-Vis spectra show that conjugated polymer P3HT, PCBM and ZnO-NP are well mixed both in solutions and in thin films. Moreover, the well mixed of these three materials are also verified by the XRD pattern and SEM image of the ternary blend film.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFunctional Properties of Modern Materials
Editors Risdiana, Kuwat Triyana, Kuwat Triyana, Agustinus Agung Nugroho
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages119-124
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783038355472
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Event2nd International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2014 - Lombok, Indonesia
Duration: 2014 Nov 122014 Nov 13

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume827
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752

Other

Other2nd International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2014
CountryIndonesia
CityLombok
Period14/11/1214/11/13

Keywords

  • Crystal structure
  • Morphology
  • Optical absorption
  • Ternary blend film
  • ZnO nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Bahtiar, A., Tusaddiah, S. H., Mustikasari, W. P. S., Safriani, L., Kartawidjaja, M., Kanazawa, K., Enokida, I., Furukawa, Y., & Watanabe, I. (2015). Optical, structural and morphological properties of ternary thin film blend of P3HT:PCBM:ZnO nanoparticles. In Risdiana, K. Triyana, K. Triyana, & A. A. Nugroho (Eds.), Functional Properties of Modern Materials (pp. 119-124). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 827). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.827.119