Optimal design method for absorption heat pump based on energy-utilization diagram

Kosuke Seki, Hironori Hattori, Yoshiharu Amano

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Some general procedures for optimizing energy systems have previously been presented. However, it is practically difficult to obtain an optimal design of thermodynamic systems that have several system parameters. The optimization is considered at three levels: synthesis (configuration), design (component characteristics), and operation. In this paper, the syntheses of two absorption heat pump systems are evaluated and their design/operation optimization is performed efficiently based on an energy-utilization diagram (EUD) for performance improvement. Cycle models of an absorption heat pump system, including an absorber heat exchanger (AHX) and a solution heat exchanger (SHX), are constructed. These models consider exergy destruction caused by heat transfer and pressure loss. The exergy analysis is performed to evaluate the system performance, and an EUD is drawn to evaluate the margins for improvement. The design parameters and operating points are improved for reducing the exergy destruction in the components where dominant exergy destruction occurs, based on an EUD. Before improvements, COP and exergy efficiency are higher in the SHX cycle, while the margin for improvement is larger in the AHX cycle. In the absorber, exergy destruction is reduced by adjusting the operating point to make the temperature slopes at the hot and cold sides coincide. In other components, exergy destruction is reduced by adjusting the design parameters to improve the heat transfer performances. The results show that exergy efficiency is improved by the distribution of exergy destruction of each component. After these improvements, COP is higher in the SHX cycle, while exergy efficiency is higher in the AHX cycle. It is concluded that we can efficiently realize the design/operation optimization of a thermodynamic system using an EUD. This is because an EUD presents both exergy destruction and margin for improvement at the components comprehensively, as well as the operating point of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationECOS 2018 - Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems
PublisherUniversity of Minho
ISBN (Electronic)9789729959646
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Event31st International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2018 - Guimaraes, Portugal
Duration: 2018 Jun 172018 Jun 21

Publication series

NameECOS 2018 - Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems

Conference

Conference31st International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2018
CountryPortugal
CityGuimaraes
Period18/6/1718/6/21

Keywords

  • Absorption heat pump system
  • Design optimization
  • Energy-utilization diagram
  • Exergy analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Seki, K., Hattori, H., & Amano, Y. (2018). Optimal design method for absorption heat pump based on energy-utilization diagram. In ECOS 2018 - Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems (ECOS 2018 - Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems). University of Minho.