Optimum detection for extracting maximum information from symmetric qubit sets

Jun Mizuno, Mikio Fujiwara, Makoto Akiba, Tetsuya Kawanishi, Stephen M. Barnett, Masahide Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A class of optimum detection strategies was demonstrated for extracting the maximum information from sets of equiprobable real symmetric qubit states of a single photon. The detections with at least three outputs were found to suffice for optimum extraction of information regardless of the number of signal elements. Optimum measurement consisted of three symmetric state vectors with length less than unity in ternary or trine signals. It was found that the difference between the measured value for the mutual information and the theoretical limit was due to the leakage of the wrong polarization through polarizing beamsplitters and imperfect contrast.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012315
Pages (from-to)123151-1231510
Number of pages1108360
JournalPhysical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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