Organic modification of the interlayer surface of kaolinite with propanediols by transesterification

Tetsuro Itagaki, Kazuyuki Kuroda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    58 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Propanediols (1,2- and 1,3-propanediols) were reacted with methoxy-modified kaolinite to form hydroxypropoxy-modified kaolinites by transesterification. Grafting occurred on the AlOH groups of the interlayer surface, which provides unique asymmetrical interlayer environments surrounded by both hydroxy groups of the diols and silicate layers, suggesting potential applications for specific adsorption and regioselective reactions in the interlayer spaces. When the reaction time was increased, 1,3-propanediol partly forms a bridge type grafting where both OH groups were bonded. Methoxy groups on the interlayer surface of kaolinite were eliminated by the grafting. The amounts of the grafted alkoxy groups per Al2Si2O5(OH)4 unit were larger than that of methoxy-modified kaolinite, indicating that not only transesterification but also further grafting onto the AlOH groups proceeded. Under milder conditions, 1,2- and 1,3-propanediols were not grafted onto the interlayer surface, but molecularly intercalated.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1064-1068
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
    Volume13
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 1

    Fingerprint

    Propylene Glycols
    Kaolin
    kaolinite
    Kaolinite
    Transesterification
    interlayers
    Propylene Glycol
    Silicates
    Adsorption
    reaction time
    silicates
    1,3-propanediol
    adsorption

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Materials Chemistry

    Cite this

    Organic modification of the interlayer surface of kaolinite with propanediols by transesterification. / Itagaki, Tetsuro; Kuroda, Kazuyuki.

    In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 13, No. 5, 01.05.2003, p. 1064-1068.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - Propanediols (1,2- and 1,3-propanediols) were reacted with methoxy-modified kaolinite to form hydroxypropoxy-modified kaolinites by transesterification. Grafting occurred on the AlOH groups of the interlayer surface, which provides unique asymmetrical interlayer environments surrounded by both hydroxy groups of the diols and silicate layers, suggesting potential applications for specific adsorption and regioselective reactions in the interlayer spaces. When the reaction time was increased, 1,3-propanediol partly forms a bridge type grafting where both OH groups were bonded. Methoxy groups on the interlayer surface of kaolinite were eliminated by the grafting. The amounts of the grafted alkoxy groups per Al2Si2O5(OH)4 unit were larger than that of methoxy-modified kaolinite, indicating that not only transesterification but also further grafting onto the AlOH groups proceeded. Under milder conditions, 1,2- and 1,3-propanediols were not grafted onto the interlayer surface, but molecularly intercalated.

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