Outside the Lyman-break box: Detecting Lyman continuum emitters at 3.5 < z < 5.1 with CLAUDS

U. Meštrić, E. V. Ryan-Weber, J. Cooke, R. Bassett, M. Sawicki, A. L. Faisst, K. Kakiichi, A. K. Inoue, M. Rafelski, L. J. Prichard, S. Arnouts, T. Moutard, J. Coupon, A. Golob, S. Gwyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Identifying non-contaminated sample of high-redshift galaxies with escaping Lyman continuum (LyC) flux is important for understanding the sources and evolution of cosmic reionization. We present CLAUDS (CFHT Large Area u-band deep survey) u-band photometry of the COSMOS field to probe LyC radiation from spectroscopically confirmed galaxies at z ≥ 3.5 and outside the standard Lyman-break galaxy colour-selection expectations. Complementary to the CLAUDS data, we use Subaru multifilter photometry, Hubble Space Telescope (HST) multifilter imaging, and the spectroscopic surveys D10K, VUDS, and 3D-HST. We present a sample of Lyman continuum galaxy (LCG) candidates in the redshift range 3.5 ≥ z ≥ 5.1. Here, we introduce 5 LCG candidates, where two are flagged quality 1 and three quality 2. The estimated fabsesc for quality 1 candidates are in the range 5 - 73 per cent and 30 - 93 per cent . These estimates are based on our derived parameters from individual galaxies as inputs to a range of BPASS models as well as mean intergalactic medium (IGM) and maximal intergalactic and circumgalactic media (IGM+CGM) transmission. We conclude that our search for LCGs is most likely biased to lines of sight with low H i densities or free from Lyman limit systems. Our two best LCG candidates have EW (Lyα) ≤ 50 Å and we find no correlation or anticorrelation between EW (Lyα), fabsesc, and Robs, the ratio of ionizing to non-ionizing observed flux in the measured passbands. Stacking candidates without solid LyC detections (S/N < 3) results in an estimated fabsesc from galaxies not greater than 1 per cent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4986-5007
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 1


  • dark ages
  • first stars
  • galaxies: High-redshift
  • galaxies: Photometry
  • reionization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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